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Starost ( Polish. Starosta , Latin . Capitaneum ) is a Slavic word that originally referred to the administrator of the assets of a clan. It has been used for both official and unofficial management positions since the Middle Ages. In this respect it is similar to the German words elder or director . In relation to a city or a municipality, a Starost was not a mayor (Polish: burmistrz) as the supreme representative of an elected self-government, but a royal administrative officer, best to translate with the outdated title Drost .

In the Polish-Lithuanian empire , Starost was a title for the middle nobility , comparable to a baron , as well as an office corresponding to a district administrator . In Poland-Lithuania there were two types of starosts until 1795: Burg-Starost (Polish: grodowy ) and Land-Starost (Polish: niegrodowy ). The first was actually the king's representative and also a judge in a smaller area, called starostwo . The title was also used in parts of the Holy Roman Empire and did not bring any claim to ownership of lands with it. A Starostei was a crown property .

In today's Poland , starosta refers to a district administrator who presides over the district administration ( Starostei ) and administers a powiat ( district ). In the Czech Republic, on the other hand, Starost corresponds to the Austrian or German mayor.

In Theodor Fontane's most famous novel "Effi Briest" , Golchowski , the owner of the inn " Zum Fürsten Bismarck ", the first and the last person that Effi meets in Kessin, is described as " half a Pole " and like a star ostem .

The German-Baltic writer Werner Bergengruen wrote the novel " The Great Alkahest " in 1926 , which was given the title "The Starost" in the new version from 1938.

Individual evidence

  1. Article in the Ukrainian Encyclopedia ( Memento from July 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive )