Mayor of Bremen
The state government of the state of Bremen consists of the Senate of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (official title: Senator ). The Senate members are elected by the Bremen Citizenship , the President of the Senate being elected first (Art. 107 Paragraph 2 of the State Constitution of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen [LV]).
The President of the Senate and another Senator to be elected by the Senate are mayors (due to Hanseatic tradition).
The President of the Senate presides over the Senate of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, manages the Senate's affairs and its meetings, and represents it externally. The President of the Senate thus corresponds to the Prime Ministers of other German states and is regularly appointed as a member of the Federal Council . He is also a member of the German Association of Cities .
The city of Bremen and the city of Bremerhaven each form a municipality of the state of Bremen (Art. 143 para. 1 LV). The city of Bremen is acc. Art. 148 para. 1 LV co-governed by the Senate of the State of Bremen in Realunion . In the city of Bremerhaven, the magistrate ( city council ), consisting of the mayor , the mayor (deputy) and the magistrate members, is elected by the city council on the basis of its own municipal constitution.
The current mayor and president of the Senate is the SPD politician Andreas Bovenschulte , who leads a red-red-green coalition . Andreas Bovenschulte's deputy is Mayor and Senator for Climate Protection, Environment, Mobility, Urban Development and Housing Construction Maike Schaefer from Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen .
Mayor as representative of the President
In the state constitution it was stipulated: The President of the Senate is first represented by the other Mayor and, if necessary, by another member of the Senate appointed by him (Art. 115 Para. 1 LV). The term Second Mayor does not apply in Bremen. The mayors are also senators.
A large number of the mayors of the city of Bremen from 1344 to the present day are listed in a list of Bremen's mayors .
From 1344 to 1849
Since 1344, the mayor has been at the head of the ruling third of the council in the Bremen town council of the Imperial Freyen imperial and Hanseatic city .
From 1398 to 1426 and again from 1433 to 1852/53 four mayors ruled simultaneously (there were two mayors in between) and 20 councilors, five each from each of the four districts (parishes). When a mayor resigned, a new mayor was always elected. It was therefore divided into four lines until 1852/53 . The four lines resulted from the fact that the four parishes - Liebfrauen , Ansgarii , Martini and Stephani - each had a mayor. The mayors' reigns overlapped. The mayors of the Hanseatic city were appointed by the council (since 1822 Senate).
After 1813 the council again consisted of four mayors and 24 councilors, most of whom were called senators. Since 1822 the "Hochedlen Hochweise Rath" became the Senate of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen . Most of the mayors remained in office until their deaths.
1849 to 1918
In 1849 the council constitution provided for in the old Bremen city law was replaced. In 1852, after the revolution , a new Senate Election Act determined that the citizens and the Senate each appointed five electors. These 10 electors chose three candidates from five candidate proposals from the city council, from which the Senate then elected the new Senator. The Senate selected the two mayors from among their ranks. When a mayor resigned, a new mayor was always elected. Most of the mayors in the 19th century were lawyers.
Between 1882 and 1918, two mayors were elected from the Senate for four years each. The Senate appointed one of them President of the Senate for a calendar year. In those 36 years there were eleven (or twelve) presidents, most of whom served multiple terms; Alfred Dominicus Pauli had seven terms in office alone.
1918 to 1933
After the Bremen Council Republic in January 1919, citizenship elections were held again. Since then, the President of the Senate, as head of state of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, has also been mayor and mayor of the city of Bremen. For traditional, Hanseatic reasons, there was and still is in Bremen, in contrast to most major German cities, only the title of mayor and not mayor. The Vice President of the Senate and Mayor also has the title of Mayor and Senator.
1933 to 1945
At the time of National Socialism in Bremen , the four incumbents as governing mayors were not elected. On March 18, 1933, the Senate was appointed by the Reich Minister of the Interior over the Reich Commissioner for Bremen. The other governing mayors were appointed by the Reich governor of Oldenburg / Bremen.
After the Second World War there were and are seven Presidents of the Senate (also mayors) and 15 other mayors as representatives of the President. Since 2000, the President of the Senate has been elected in a separate ballot by the Bremen Citizenship, whereas the other Mayor has been elected by the Senate (Art. 107 Para. 2 and Art. 114 BremLV ).
President of the Senate and mayor at the same time
- Johannes Schroers , deployed by the Allies from April 26 to April 30, 1945
- Erich Vagts , ex. DNVP , deployed by the Allies from May to July 1945
- Wilhelm Kaisen , SPD, 1945–1965
- Willy Dehnkamp , SPD, 1965-1967
- Hans Koschnick , SPD, 1967–1985
- Klaus Wedemeier , SPD, 1985–1995
- Henning Scherf , SPD, 1995-2005
- Jens Böhrnsen , SPD, 2005–2015
- Carsten Sieling , SPD, 2015–2019
- Andreas Bovenschulte , SPD, since 2019
Representative of the president
Since 1945 there have been the following mayors as representatives of the President of the Senate:
- 1945–1955: Theodor Spitta (BDV / FDP) in Senate Vagts , Senate Kaisen I , Senate Kaisen II , Senate Kaisen III , Senate Kaisen IV
- 1955–1959: Jules Eberhard Noltenius (CDU) in the Senate Kaisen V
- 1959–1963: Adolf Ehlers (SPD) in the Kaisen VI Senate
- 1963–1965: Willy Dehnkamp (SPD) in the Kaisen VII Senate
- 1965–1967: Hans Koschnick (SPD) in the Dehnkamp Senate
- 1967–1975: Annemarie Mevissen (SPD) in Senate Koschnick I , Senate Koschnick II
- 1975–1979: Walter Franke (SPD) in Senate Koschnick II , Senate Koschnick III
- 1979-1985; Moritz Thape (SPD) in Senate Koschnick IV , Senate Koschnick V
- 1985–1991: Henning Scherf (SPD) in the Senate Wedemeier I , Senate Wedemeier II
- 1991–1993: Claus Jäger (FDP) in the Senate Wedemeier III
- 1993–1995: Ralf Fücks ( Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen ) in the Senate Wedemeier III
- 1995–1997: Ulrich Nölle (CDU) in the Scherf I Senate
- 1997–2004: Hartmut Perschau (CDU) in Senate Scherf I, Senate Scherf II , Senate Scherf III
- 2004–2005: Peter Gloystein (CDU) in the Scherf III Senate
- 2005–2007: Thomas Röwekamp (CDU) in Senate Scherf III, Senate Böhrnsen I
- 2007–2019: Karoline Linnert (Greens) in Senate Böhrnsen II , Senate Böhrnsen III , Senate Sieling
- since 2019: Maike Schaefer (Greens) in the Senate Bovenschulte
- List of Bremen mayors
- Election results and senates in Bremen
- List of the Prime Ministers of the German states
- The composition of the Bremen Senate. Retrieved August 25, 2019 .