Newcastle (New South Wales)
Center Newcastle (2007)
The first attempt by the British to settle in what is now the urban area in 1798 failed. However, a port was needed to export the coal , which was mined in large quantities in the region. In 1804, the area was therefore repopulated under the name King's Town , but later renamed Newcastle.
On June 8, 1942, a Japanese submarine fired some grenades at Newcastle, but no people were harmed and only minor property damage occurred.
Newcastle has a large freight port where the products of the steel industry in the region are shipped. Newcastle also has a small airport and a railway line on the main Sydney - Brisbane route . Furthermore, Newcastle is connected to Sydney via a four-lane motorway.
The city of Newcastle is spread over several local administrative areas : Newcastle City , which has its administrative headquarters in Newcastle city center, Lake Macquarie City , Cessnock City , Maitland City and Port Stephens Council .
A tram has been running in Newcastle since February 2019 , connecting the station, which has been moved to the outside, with the city center.
sons and daughters of the town
- William Dobell (1899–1970), painter and sculptor
- John Tresidder (* 1932), track cyclist
- David Hill (born 1946), television producer
- Phillip Avalon (* 1955), screenwriter, producer and director
- Jane Comerford (* 1959), music teacher and lead singer of the German country band Texas Lightning
- Brian Mascord (* 1959), Roman Catholic clergyman, Bishop of Wollongong
- David Graham (born 1962), tennis player
- Peter Doohan (1961-2017), tennis player
- Sophie Lee (* 1968), actress
- Nicki Parrott (* 1970), jazz singer and composer
- Lee Priest (born 1972), bodybuilder
- Sarah Wynter (* 1973), actress
- Robert "Robbie" Middleby (* 1975), soccer player
- Clayton Zane (born 1977), football player
- Ben Gillies (* 1979), drummer in the grunge band Silverchair
- Daniel Johns (* 1979), singer of Silverchair and The Dissociatives
- Oenone Wood (* 1980), racing cyclist
- Abbie Cornish (born 1982), actress
- Beau Busch (* 1984), football player
- Stuart Musialik (born 1985), football player
- Nathan Outteridge (* 1986), sailor
- Iain Jensen (* 1988), sailor
- Jason Hoffman (born 1989), soccer player
- Peter Lewis (* 1990), track cyclist
- Benjamin "Ben" Kantarovski (* 1992), football player
- Kailani Craine (* 1998), figure skater
- Newcastle City Council (English)