Newcastle (New South Wales)

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Newcastle view.jpg
Center Newcastle (2007)
State : AustraliaAustralia Australia
State : Flag of New South Wales.svg New South Wales
Founded : 1804
Coordinates : 32 ° 55 ′  S , 151 ° 45 ′  E Coordinates: 32 ° 55 ′  S , 151 ° 45 ′  E
Height : m
Area : 261.8  km²
Residents : 322,278 (2016)
Population density : 1231 inhabitants per km²
Time zone : AEST (UTC + 10)
Postal code : 2300-2308
LGA : City of Newcastle
Lake Macquarie City
Cessnock City
Maitland City
Port Stephens Council
Website :
Newcastle (New South Wales)

Newcastle is an Australian port city in the state of New South Wales . It is located about 160 km north of Sydney , at the mouth of the Hunter River . The city has about 320,000 inhabitants.

The first attempt by the British to settle in what is now the urban area in 1798 failed. However, a port was needed to export the coal , which was mined in large quantities in the region. In 1804, the area was therefore repopulated under the name King's Town , but later renamed Newcastle.

On June 8, 1942, a Japanese submarine fired some grenades at Newcastle, but no people were harmed and only minor property damage occurred.

Newcastle has a large freight port where the products of the steel industry in the region are shipped. Newcastle also has a small airport and a railway line on the main Sydney - Brisbane route . Furthermore, Newcastle is connected to Sydney via a four-lane motorway.

The city of Newcastle is spread over several local administrative areas : Newcastle City , which has its administrative headquarters in Newcastle city center, Lake Macquarie City , Cessnock City , Maitland City and Port Stephens Council .

A tram has been running in Newcastle since February 2019 , connecting the station, which has been moved to the outside, with the city center.

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Newcastle, New South Wales  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics : Newcastle ( English ) In: 2016 Census QuickStats . June 27, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2020.