Pound (currency)

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Pound is the name of various currencies in mostly English-speaking countries, in German they are usually called pound . The currency names Lira ( Italian ), Livre ( French ) and dschineh / ginēh ( Arabic جنيه) go back to the same original meaning of the Karl pound and are used in parallel to pounds in some currencies . The currency symbol used for most of these currencies is £ or .


With the spread of the pound (weight) as a unit of weight throughout Europe , it became the namesake for numerous coins and currency systems . Charlemagne stipulated in his coin regulations that 240 pfennigs ( denarii ) must be minted from one Carolingian pound of silver . This system was maintained in Great Britain and Ireland in sterling and Irish pounds respectively until 1971.

In Berlin at least until the 1990s, in Cologne until the transition to the euro, the name “pound” for 20 marks was known. This is due to the fact that at the time of the gold standard in the German Empire, one pound sterling was equivalent to around 20 Reichsmarks .

Guinee , Guinea or Guinée is an old synonym for pound, which in England is sometimes still used in high speech today (the value of a guinea was 21 shillings, while a pound was 20 shillings value). In Egypt and Sudan it is the official denomination of the national currencies.

Lira is derived from the Latin libra "scales", here in the metonymic meaning "weighed": The Roman pound was Latin libra .

Today's currencies

Historical currencies


  • St. Moritz pound, also Mörsiger pound , Latin : Libra Mauriensis or Libra Mauriciensis ; Until 1850 in Valais common measure of money from St. Moritz ( Saint-Maurice ), where there was a mint.




Web links

Individual evidence

  1. André Samper: Supplements to the study of the activities of the Redemptorists in the Upper Valais parishes , (PDF) , p 462, footnote 37th