Soviet Constitution of 1936

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Extract from the 1936 constitution

The 1936 Soviet Constitution ( Russian Конституция СССР 1936 года ), also known as the Stalin Constitution , was the second constitution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics .

The text of the constitution was prepared by several lawyers and theorists, including Nikolai Bukharin and Karl Radek . It was accepted on December 5, 1936 by the 8th Extraordinary Congress of the Soviet Union and announced by the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union - then WKP (B) - Josef Stalin . It replaced the Soviet constitution of 1924 . On October 7, 1977, it was itself replaced by the 1977 constitution .

The constitution of 1936 was only formally a democratic constitution: neither human rights were guaranteed nor were general and secret elections held during the validity of the constitution (until 1977) - although provided for -.


  • Elisa Kriza: From Utopia to Dystopia. Bukharin and the Soviet Constitution of 1936 . In: Jonas Ross Kjærgård, Karen-Margrethe Simonsen (Eds.): Discursive Framings of Human Rights. Negotiating Agency and Victimhood . Routledge, London 2016, ISBN 978-1-317-37140-3 , pp. 79–93 (English, limited preview in Google Book Search).
  • Ellen Wimberg: Socialism, Democratism and Criticism. The Soviet Press and the National Discussion of the 1936 Draft Constitution . In: Soviet Studies . tape 44 , no. 2 , 1992, p. 313-332 (English).

Web links