Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (RMAS, German Royal Military Academy ) is located in Sandhurst , Berkshire , in the south of England , about 60 kilometers southwest of London . The British Army trains its officers in this facility . The academy is also open to foreigners.
The facility was formed in 1947 from the Royal Military Academy (RMA) and the Royal Military College (RMC).
The Royal Military Academy was founded in 1741 to train cadets for the Royal Artillery and Engineers; later also for the Signal and Panzer Corps. The visit was chargeable. The academy was located in Woolwich (today south-east London ) until 1939 and was closed at the beginning of the Second World War due to mobilization .
The Royal Military College was founded in 1800 as a school for administrative officers by John Gaspard le Marchant . Two years later, a subdivision to cadets Front was formed officers ( s. Line Officers) to be formed. In 1812 they moved to the college in Sandhurst, which was expanded to include the New College in 1912 . In the 1870s, the East India Company's Military Seminary joined the RMC, which previously existed in Addiscombe , near Croydon . All officers who were to serve in the Indian army of the British Empire were trained here.
After World War II, the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst was established to continue the tradition of both RMA and Sandhurst's RMC. Today it is the only basic training facility for British Army officers.
In 1958, Field Marshal Montgomery ordered a memorial for the unconditional surrender of Northwest Germany on Victory Hill near Wendisch Evern near Lüneburg to be transported to the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst . He negotiated and signed the surrender there on May 4, 1945.
Since 1992 men and women, academics and non-academics have been taught in a uniform system, the Commissioning Course . There are also courses for short-term voluntary service in the army ( gap year ), for professionally qualified officers (such as doctors, veterinarians, nurses or priests) and courses for the Territorial Army .
Officers attend three basic courses of 44 weeks divided into trimesters ; 250 to 270 cadets begin their training per trimester. After completing the basic courses, which are also practically oriented, they receive the rank of “Junior Under Officer” and in the second part of the training they specialize in one type of service. In addition to politics , international affairs and war studies ( was studies ) taught.
- Harry, Duke of Sussex
- William, Duke of Cambridge
- Heinrich-Donatus Hereditary Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe
- Henri of Luxembourg , Grand Duke of Luxembourg
- Guillaume Jean Joseph Marie of Luxembourg , Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg
- Jean of Luxembourg , brother of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg
- Sébastien of Luxembourg
- Winston Churchill , British Prime Minister
- Robert Baden-Powell , founder of the World Scout Movement
- Robert Urquhart , commander of the 1st Airborne Division during Operation Market Garden
- Vajiravudh , former king of Thailand
- Hussein I , former King of Jordan
- Abdullah II , King of Jordan
- Hussein bin Abdullah , Crown Prince of Jordan
- Leka Zogu , Albanian pretender to the throne
- Hassanal Bolkiah , Sultan of Brunei
- Mswati III. , King of Swaziland
- Mark Phillips , ex-husband of Princess Anne of England
- Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein , Field Marshal in World War II
- John Nixon , British general and commander of the Mesopotamia Front in World War I.
- Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig , Field Marshal in World War I.
- Gordon Pasha , Governor General of Sudan in the Mahdi Uprising
- James Blunt , British singer and songwriter
- Qaboos bin Said al-Said , Sultan of Oman , visited the RMC in 1960
- Hamad bin Chalifa Al Thani , former Emir of Qatar , graduated from the RMC in 1971
- Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani , Emir of Qatar, graduated in 1998
- Tony Rolt , racing car driver
- Ian Fleming , author, inventor of James Bond
- Iman bint Al Hussein , daughter of Hussein I, former King of Jordan in 2002
- Sir Jack Deverell , General and NATO Commander in Chief
- Oswald Mosley , founder of the British Union of Fascists fascist party
- David Niven , actor
- Christopher Soames , politician and EU commissioner
- Timothy Peake , European Astronaut Corps
- Vernon Kell , founder and first general manager of MI5
- Charles Blacker Vignoles , an early 19th century railway engineer
- Alois von Liechtenstein , member of the Princely House of Liechtenstein and Hereditary Prince of the Principality of Liechtenstein
- Ian Khama , President of Botswana
- Charles à Court Repington , British officer and war correspondent
- Ilmenau municipality via "Victory Hill"
- The RMAS Archive: Officer Cadets 1947-Date . PDF file, accessed December 15, 2011.