|Automobile world championship|
|First start:||Great Britain Grand Prix 1950|
|Last start:||1955 British Grand Prix|
|1950 Peter Walker Racing 1953 and 1955 Rob Walker Racing|
|World Cup balance:||no World Cup placement|
|World Cup points :||-|
|Leadership laps :||-|
Anthony Peter Roylance "Tony" Rolt (born October 16, 1918 in Bordon , Hampshire ; † February 6, 2008 in Warwick , Warwickshire ) was a British automobile racing driver , award-winning officer as well as a technician and entrepreneur . Rolt, often respectfully referred to as "The Major" in both racing and business and personal life, lived in the Shakespearean town of Stratford-upon-Avon for 56 years . He died of pneumonia at Warwick Hospital at the age of 89 .
Schoolboy, racing amateur and soldier
After Rolt had spent his childhood in Llanelwy (English St Asaph; Denbighshire , Wales ), he began his racing career with a Morgan three-wheeler in student trials during his school days at Eton College and from the middle of the 1930s in automobile races. After initial successes at the 24-hour race at Spa-Francorchamps in 1936 and at various British club races, he acquired the ERA called "Remus" from Prince Bira . With that he won u. a. In 1939 he won the British Empire Trophy in Donington Park , before he also entered the military as the son of Brigadier-General Stuart Peter Rolt as part of an apprenticeship in Sandhurst . At the beginning of the Second World War he was a lieutenant and in May 1940, during the withdrawal of British troops from France near Calais , he was taken prisoner by the Germans.
After a total of seven unsuccessful escape attempts, he was taken to Colditz Castle , where he was significantly involved in the escape project of the so-called Colditz Glider from the spring of 1944 . Because of his services in the battle for Calais, Rolt was awarded the Military Cross , later he also received a so-called Medal Bar for repeated attempts to escape from captivity. With the rank of major, Rolt quit his military service after the end of the war because he saw a future in racing that seemed far more interesting to him.
Tony Rolt later avoided any fuss about his time as a soldier and also did not attend the meetings of the former Colditz inmates. Quote: “Escaping was not a game. Nor was it fun. It was a duty. " (" Escape wasn't a game. It wasn't fun either. It was our duty. ")
Professional racing driver
At the time of his death, Tony Rolt was the last member of the British Racing Drivers' Club (BRDC) to have participated in international motorsport events before World War II . Its membership had existed since 1936.
With Rolt, the last driver to participate in the debut Formula 1 world championship race , the British Grand Prix in 1950 , also died. There he took over the ERA , qualified by Peter Walker for starting position 10, but with which he suffered a gearbox damage after only four laps. Rolt competed three times in Formula 1, after 1950 also in 1953 and 1955, both at the British Grand Prix . However, he was unable to score points for the drivers' world championship because he had to retire from all three races due to technical problems. In 1953 his Connaught Type A had a drive shaft damage after 70 laps , in 1955 the throttle valve of his Connaught broke after 18 laps .
His greatest successes in motorsport celebrated Rolt as Jaguar - works driver and as an absolute highlight of 1953 a victory at the 24 Hours of Le Mans . As a partner of Duncan Hamilton , he drove a Jaguar C-Type . The following year, he and Hamilton drove one of the new Jaguar D-Type models in Le Mans to second place. Due to an additional oil filter change stop, they had to admit defeat to the Ferrari team José Froilán González and Maurice Trintignant . In 1955 Hamilton / Rolt were again at the 24 Heurs du Mans , but dropped out prematurely in second place. After Rolt and his wife Lois had witnessed the terrible accident at Pierre Levegh , he made the decision to dedicate himself only to his company in the future.
Technician and Entrepreneur
After his return from the war and the end of his military service, Rolt began working again with racing veteran Freddie Dixon , who had already improved and serviced his ERA racing car in the late 1930s. Together they developed all-wheel drives and all-wheel steering , initially the two traded under the name Dixon Rolt Developments . After Rolt was able to win over the previous tractor manufacturer Harry Ferguson ( Massey Ferguson ) in 1950, Dixon and Rolt parted ways again.
The newly founded company Ferguson Research Ltd. became more and more well-known over the years due to its achievements and produced a four-wheel drive system called Ferguson Formula (FF) , which was even used repeatedly in Formula 1 between 1961 and 1971 . The Jensen FF , which was produced in a small number of only 320 copies between 1966 and 1971 , also had this technical innovation . After Harry Ferguson died unexpectedly in October 1960, Rolt founded his own company called FF Developments in 1971, after the closure of Ferguson Research and with the consent of the Ferguson heirs . It became an important partner for Ford, Chrysler, Audi, Fiat / Lancia and General Motors before it was sold by Tony Rolt to Ricardo Consulting Engineers in 1994 .
Statistics in the automobile world championship
|1950||Peter Walker||ERA E-Type||ERA 1.5 L6s||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||NC|
|1953||Rob Walker Racing Team||Connaught Type A||Lea-Francis 2.0 L4||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||NC|
|1955||Rob Walker Racing Team||Connaught Type B||Alta 2.5 L4||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||NC|
|green||-||Placement in the points|
|blue||-||Classified outside the point ranks|
|violet||DNF||Race not finished (did not finish)|
|red||DNQ||did not qualify|
|DNPQ||failed in pre-qualification (did not pre-qualify)|
|White||DNS||not at the start (did not start)|
|Light Blue||PO||only participated in the training (practiced only)|
|TD||Friday test driver|
|without||DNP||did not participate in the training (did not practice)|
|INJ||injured or sick|
|DNA||did not arrive|
|no participation in the World Cup|
|other||P / bold||Pole position|
|SR / italic||Fastest race lap|
|*||not at the finish,
but counted due to the distance covered
|underlined||Leader in the overall standings|
Le Mans results
|1949||RRC Walker Racing Team||Delahaye 135CS||Guy Jason-Henry||failure||Bearing damage|
|1950||Healey Motors Ltd.||Nash-Healey E.||Duncan Hamilton||Rank 4|
|1951||Donald Healey Motor Company||Nash-Healey Sport Coupe||Duncan Hamilton||Rank 6|
|1952||Jaguar Ltd.||Jaguar C-Type||Duncan Hamilton||failure||Cylinder overheated|
|1953||Jaguar Cars Ltd.||Jaguar C-Type||Duncan Hamilton||Overall victory|
|1954||Jaguar Cars Ltd.||Jaguar D-Type||Duncan Hamilton||Rank 2|
|1955||Jaguar Cars Ltd.||Jaguar D-Type||Duncan Hamilton||failure||Gearbox damage|
Individual results in the sports car world championship
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Rolt, Anthony Peter Roylance|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British racing car driver|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 16, 1918|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Bordon|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 6, 2008|
|Place of death||Warwick|