Philipp Daub

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Philipp Daub (born January 21, 1896 in Burbach ; † July 14, 1976 in Berlin ) was a German KPD and SED functionary and Lord Mayor of Magdeburg .


Daub was born the son of a steelworker in Saarland . After attending elementary school from 1912 to 1915, he trained as a machine fitter . From 1916 to 1918 he did his military service.

From 1919 to 1921 he worked as a metal worker, in 1919 he joined the USPD and the union. From 1921 he was a member of the KPD , for which he worked as a full-time functionary in the same year. He worked in Saarbrücken as managing director of the publishing house of the KPD party newspaper.

For the KPD Daub was elected to the city ​​council in Saarbrücken in 1924 , to which he belonged until 1931. From 1928 he was also a member of the State Council of the Saar area .

Within his party, Daub became head of organization in 1927 and political head of the KPD district of Saar in 1928 . In 1929 he became a candidate for the central committee of the KPD and in April 1931 became political director of the KPD district of Hessen-Frankfurt am Main . In this function he was accused of "violating the party line". In this context he was demoted to instructor of the Central Committee of the KPD for the former Reich territory.

Daub was a member of the Reichstag from November 1932 to March 1933 .

From April 1932 he was the highest advisor to the KPD in Central Germany . On February 7, 1933, Daub took part in the illegal meeting of the Central Committee of the KPD in the sports store Ziegenhals near Berlin. After the KPD was banned, he was a member of the illegal party leadership and head of the upper district of Mitte , which included Magdeburg, Halle (Saale) , Thuringia and Saxony . From 1935 to 1936 Daub was posted to the Netherlands on behalf of the KPD and worked there as Section Leader West in Amsterdam . From 1936 to 1944 he was deployed abroad in France , where he worked as a representative of the KPD leadership in Paris .

In August 1939, Daub was expelled from France and arrested in Paris in September of the same year. Until May 1941 he was interned in various camps in France. In 1941 he received citizenship of the Soviet Union . In 1941 he emigrated to the USA , where he settled in New York until 1946 .

After his return to Germany in December 1946 , he worked until 1948 as Vice President of the German Central Association of Resettlers , which dealt with the integration of refugees. Daub belonged to the group of so-called Western emigrants within the KPD or the SED , which also included the President of the Central Association, Paul Merker , and Rudolf Engel . From 1948 to 1950 he was head of the influential staff / cadre department at the Central Committee of the SED . In the course of the Noel Field affair , the western emigrants were disempowered, so that Daub also lost his leadership role.

On September 5, 1950 Daub was mayor in Magdeburg . He held this office until 1961. During his tenure, Daub was responsible for starting the rebuilding of the city after the destruction of the Second World War . This rebuilding was later criticized as a continuation of the destruction of Magdeburg. Several historic church buildings, such as the Holy Spirit Church and the St. Ulrich and Levin Church, were blown up. The historically grown streets were built over in favor of an urban design that is today criticized as faceless and dreary. Even remaining residential buildings were demolished. In 1950 Daub also became a member of the state parliament in Saxony-Anhalt and remained so until July 1952. Here, he held the position of chairman of the legal and constitutional committee. In this office he was instrumental in the dissolution of the state and the formation of the districts of Magdeburg and Halle . When the League for Friendship between Nations was founded in the GDR on December 15, 1961, he was elected the first president of the league. After his replacement as President in January 1964, he was elected to the Presidium of the League.

Awards and honors

On the occasion of his 65th birthday in 1961 he was awarded the Order of Labor Banner . Daub retired in 1964. On May 6, 1955, he received the Patriotic Order of Merit in silver, in 1965 in gold and in 1971 the bar of honor for the Patriotic Order of Merit in gold, and in 1966 the Karl Marx Order .

In Magdeburg a polytechnic high school and the Philipp-Daub-Straße were named after him. After German reunification , the school and street were renamed because of his responsibility for the destruction in Magdeburg.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. List of participants
  2. ^ New mayor in Magdeburg . In: Berliner Zeitung , September 7, 1950, p. 2.
  3. Speech of the Abg. Daub at the 19th session of the state parliament on July 25, 1952 to democratize the administration. In: files and negotiations of the state parliament of the province of Saxony-Anhalt.
  4. ^ League for friendship between the peoples of the GDR founded . In: Neue Zeit , December 16, 1961, p. 1.
  5. Dr. Change new president . In: Neues Deutschland , January 11, 1964, p. 1.