Eduard Erdmann

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Edward (Ned) Paul Ernst Erdmann (born March 5 . Jul / 17th March  1896 greg. In Wenden , Livonia , † 21st June 1958 in Hamburg ) was a Baltic German pianist and composer .


The great-nephew of the philosopher Johann Eduard Erdmann completed piano training in Riga with Bror Möllersten and Jean du Chastain and music theory lessons with Harald Creutzburg . In 1914 he moved to Berlin, where he studied piano with Conrad Ansorge and composition with Heinz Tiessen until 1918 .

In the 1920s Erdmann was a member of the jury at the Donaueschingen Chamber Music Festival for contemporary music . In 1926 he was the soloist at the opening concert of the Bauhaus concerts in Dessau . From 1925 to 1935 he taught piano at the Cologne University of Music . After he resigned from his position in protest against reprisals by the National Socialists against Jewish colleagues, a performance ban was imposed on his works. Erdmann then joined the NSDAP on May 1, 1937 (party number 4,424,050) and only worked as a pianist. In the final phase of the Second World War , in August 1944, he was included in the list of the most important pianists, approved by Adolf Hitler , which saved him from being deployed in the war.

Grave of Eduard Erdmann, Ohlsdorf cemetery

Since 1950 he has taught at the Hamburg University of Music and Theater . He composed four symphonies , a piano concerto , a concert piece for piano and orchestra, other orchestral pieces, chamber music works and songs . In 1953 he was awarded the City of Kiel's Culture Prize.

As a pianist, Erdmann strongly advocated contemporary works, and he was also considered an important interpreter of the works of Bach and Schubert .

Erdmann collected books, especially German literature in the first complete edition. On 26./27. In May 1959 the Hauswedell company in Hamburg auctioned large parts of this extensive library.

Erdmann was married and had 4 children: Jolanthe, Piers (married to Christa), Jobst and Judith. Jolanthe became Emil Nolde's second wife .

Eduard Erdmann's grave is on the Ohlsdorf cemetery in Hamburg, Bm 67 (west of Chapel 13).


  • An den Frühling , lyric piece for violin and piano, 1912
  • Burlesque, from Bagatelles op.5, 1913
  • On Lake Garda , symphonic poem, 1914
  • Rondo for orchestra , dedicated to Heinz Tiessen , 1918
  • 1st Symphony , dedicated to Alban Berg , 1920
  • Violin solo sonata for Alma Moodie , 1921
  • 2nd symphony , dedicated to Ernst Krenek , 1923
  • The sprung island , operetta, 1925
  • Piano concerto , 1928
  • Serenade for orchestra, 1930
  • String quartet , dedicated to Emil Nolde , 1937
  • Concert piece for piano and orchestra , 1946
  • 3rd symphony , 1947
  • 4th Symphony , dedicated to Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt , 1951
  • Capricci , 1952
  • Monograms , 1955


  • Christof Bitter, Manfred Schlösser (ed.): Encounters with Eduard Erdmann . Agora, Darmstadt 1968 (3rd edition 1998).
  • Werner Grünzweig , Gerhard Gensch (ed.): Eduard Erdmann. Commissioned by the Archives of the Academy of Arts (= Archives for the Music of the 20th and 21st Century, Vol. 15). von Bockel, Neumünster 2018, ISBN 978-3-95-675024-3 .
  • Horst Jordt, Volker Scherliess (ed.): From Klimbams garden. Irene and Eduard Erdmann in personal memories. Wachholtz Verlag, Kiel 2018, ISBN 978-3-529-05187-6 .
  • Volker Scherliess: Erdmann and Nolde (Seebüller Hefte, Vol. 1), Neukirchen 2009, ISBN 978-3-00-029590-4 [incl. Audio CD, contains recordings by Eduard Erdmann, Tilman Krämer and the Artemis Quartet].
  • Helmut Scheunchen : Lexicon of German Baltic Music . Published by the Georg Dehio Society. Harro von Hirschheydt publishing house, Wedemark-Elze 2002, ISBN 3-7777-0730-9 . P. 63 f.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Fred K. Prieberg : Handbook of German Musicians 1933–1945 , CD-Rom-Lexikon, Kiel 2004, p. 1437.
  2. ^ Ernst Klee : The culture lexicon for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-039326-5 , p. 139.
  3. Celebrity Graves