Richard Suchewirth

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Richard Franz Josef Suchwirth , real name until June 21, 1922: Richard Suchanek (born October 8, 1896 in Vienna , † June 15, 1965 in Herrsching am Ammersee ) was a historian and co-founder of the Austrian NSDAP .


Richard Suchwirth studied history and German in Vienna, received his doctorate in 1920 and then worked as a secondary school teacher. As early as 1923/24 he acted successively as the publisher of the National Socialist monthly magazines Mutterland and Das Hakenkreuz . On May 17, 1924, Suchewirth received a letter of congratulations from Julius Streicher for his wedding .

On May 4, 1926, Suchewirth founded the National Socialist German Workers' Association in the Vienna Sofiensaal , which gave itself the addition of the " Hitler Movement" to distinguish it from the other National Socialist groups in Austria . With the founding of this party, the Austrian National Socialists finally split. This was primarily sparked by the question of whether the Austrian National Socialists followed the essentially democratic-parliamentary course, for which the DNSAP party leader Karl Schulz stood as successor to Walter Riehl , or the revolutionary-extra-parliamentary course, for which Adolf Hitler stood, should control. The majority of the Austrian National Socialists joined Suchewirth's new party, which had been known as the NSDAP-Hitler movement since August 1926 and which was unconditionally subordinate to the “Führer”. The replacement of the DNSAP under Schulz by the “ Hitler movement ” also meant Searchwirth

“The end of a democratic, social reform party and the abandonment of a state-loyal attitude towards the Austrian republic. Hitler's claim to monopoly led to an organizational dependence of the Austrian National Socialists, but also to the transfer of the entire mentality, ideology, program and methodology of the struggle of the German NSDAP against the Weimar Republic to Austria. "

Suchwirth left the NSDAP between 1927 and 1931.

Suchwirth also campaigned for the NSDAP within the teaching staff and founded the NS teachers' association in Austria, of which he was the national leader from 1931 to 1934. He was also the leader of the National Socialists in the Vienna City School Council and was elected by the party in 1932 as a member of the Vienna State Parliament and City Council. Due to the party's ban in Austria, he was illegally active from 1934, stayed in Eichgraben in the Vienna Woods and was temporarily imprisoned in the Wöllersdorf detention center. During this time he wrote and published the German history , a historical monograph from a Greater German perspective, which was distributed in the 1930s in an edition of several hundred thousand copies. Searchwirth ends the nationalist and anti-Semitic work with a high life for Adolf Hitler, the race and the Third Reich.

In June 1934 ,uchenwirth fled to Germany, where he was active as SA standard leader in the Austrian Legion and until the beginning of 1936 as managing director of the Reichsschrifttumskammer , and was finally expatriated from Austria. From 1938 to 1945 he was a member of the German Reichstag , but had little political influence. At the end of January 1942, he was promoted to SA brigade leader.

From 1936 to 1942 he was rector of the teaching college Pasing (" Hans-Schemm-Hochschule "), then Munich-Pasing, and from then until 1945 professor at the University of Munich . After three years as a prisoner of war, he was again a teacher at a private school in Düsseldorf and freelance work for the Historical Division of the US War Department for research into the history of aerial warfare .


Front pages of two editions of Suchewirth - German history
Suchewirth German History 1.jpg
Edition from 1936
Suchewirth German History 2.jpg
1940 edition
  • From the First to the Third Reich. Quelle and Meyer, Leipzig 1933.
  • Twelve fateful characters in German history. R. Voigtländer, Leipzig 1933.
  • German history: from the Germanic prehistory to the present. Georg Dollheimer, Leipzig 1934 (published almost annually in new editions until at least 1942)
  • Millennial Austria. Bruckmann, Munich 1937.
  • The book of the German Ostmark. Georg Dollheimer, Leipzig 1938.
  • Europe's last hour? A contribution of history to the European problem. Sponholtz, Hanover 1950.
  • Historical Turning Points in the German Air Force War Effort. Arno Press, New York 1968
  • The Development of the German Air Force, 1919-1939. Arno Press, New York 1970
  • Command and Leadership in the German Air Force. Arno Press, New York 1971
  • The German East: Rise u. Tragedy. Türmer-Verlag , Berg am Starnberger See 1973.
  • Richard MA Suchewirth (Ed.): Maria Theresia. An imperial life. Druffel-Verlag , Leoni am Starnberger See 1978; Reprint Verlag Holzminden 2003.


  • Felix Czeike: Historical Lexicon Vienna. Volume 5, Vienna 1997, p. 252
  • L. Jedlicka: The beginnings of right-wing radicalism in Austria. 1975.
  • Jan Zimmermann: The FVS Foundation's Culture Awards 1935–1945. Presentation and documentation. Edited by the Alfred Toepfer Foundation FVS Hamburg 2000.

Partial discount

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b c d Institute for Contemporary History Munich-Berlin - Archive - Find aids. Holdings: ED 420. Suchewirth, Richard.
  2. Gerhard Jagschitz : On the structure of the NSDAP in Austria before the July coup 1934. In: Jedlicka Ludwig and Neck Rudolf (ed.): The year 1934: July 25th. Protocol of the symposium in Vienna on October 8, 1974 (= publications of the Scientific Commission of the Theodor-Körner-Stiftungsfonds and the Leopold-Kunschak-Prize for the Research of Austrian History from 1927 to 1938, Vol. 3) Vienna 1975, p. 9 .
  3. See Richard Suchewirth: German History. From the Germanic prehistory to the present. Published by Georg Dollheimer, Leipzig 1934.