Friedrich von Kessel

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Friedrich von Kessel (born August 25, 1896 at Ober-Glauche Castle ; † February 13, 1975 in Göttingen ) was a German farmer and politician ( GB / BHE ).

Life and work

Kessel was born the son of the noble Silesian landowner Kurt von Kessel . His mother was Theodora von Kessel, née von Bethmann-Hollweg, a cousin of Reich Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg , and his younger brother the later diplomat Albrecht von Kessel . After attending the humanistic grammar school of the Roßleben monastery school , which he left with the upper primary qualification , he took part in the First World War as a soldier from 1915 to 1918 . During a stay in the hospital, he prepared for the Abitur, which he passed in 1917 at the Vitzthumschen Gymnasium in Dresden . In 1919 he was released from the Reichswehr as a lieutenant .

Kessel completed an agricultural training in his parents' business as well as at the apprenticeship positions in the Neustadt / Harz domain and in Nieder-Töschwitz in the Steinau district . After his father's death in 1921, he took over the family-owned estate in Ober-Glauche . In addition, he was responsible for the lease management of two other properties. During the Second World War he worked as an agricultural expert at the Reichsland settlement company in the occupied Gostyn district and in the higher Reichsgau Wartheland , from which the Polish population was expelled.

After the end of the war, Kessel, for his part, moved to West Germany as a displaced person and settled in Goslar . Professionally, he worked as an expert at the Chamber of Agriculture in Hanover and at the tax office in Goslar.

Political party

During the Weimar Republic , Kessel joined the DNVP . In 1922 he became chairman of the party in the Trebnitz district . From 1926 to 1933 he was district group leader of the steel helmet .

After the Second World War, Kessel was one of the founders of the BHE in Lower Saxony in 1950 , from which the All-German Block / Federation of Expellees and Disenfranchised (GB / BHE) later emerged. As GB / BHE state chairman (1955-1958) he rejected the government coalition with the CDU at the federal level and was one of the critics of the federal party chairman Waldemar Kraft . After Kraft had been replaced as federal party chairman by Theodor Oberländer , Kessel initially took over the party's deputy federal chairmanship.

After Kraft and Oberländer left the GB / BHE in July 1955, Kessel took over the acting party chairmanship. In October 1955 he was finally elected federal chairman of the GB / BHE. Due to the defeat of the GB / BHE in the Bundestag elections in 1957 and the party's departure from the German Bundestag , he made the federal party chair available in June 1958 and was replaced in this role by Frank Seiboth . At the beginning of 1960 he finally left the GB / BHE.


Kessel was a member of the Lower Saxony state parliament from 1951 to 1959 .

Public offices

After the formation of a coalition of the SPD , GB / BHE and the center , Kessel was appointed to the state government led by Prime Minister Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf on June 13, 1951 as Lower Saxony's Minister for Food, Agriculture and Forestry . At the same time he took over the office of Deputy Prime Minister. After the formation of a coalition of the bourgeois parties from the DP , CDU, FDP and GB / BHE, he had to cede the office of Deputy Prime Minister to August Wegmann on May 26, 1955 , but remained Minister of Agriculture in the state government headed by Prime Minister Heinrich Hellwege . Due to the formation of a coalition of DP, CDU and SPD, he resigned from the government on November 19, 1957 and was replaced in his ministerial office by Kurt Rissling .



  • Agriculture in Austria . AID, Land u. Housekeeping Evaluation u. Information Service eV (1964)
  • Agriculture in Switzerland . AID, Land u. Housekeeping Evaluation u. Information Service eV (1964)


  • Franz Neumann: The block of expellees and disenfranchised 1950-1960. A contribution to the history and structure of a political interest party. (= Marburg treatises on political science. 5). Verlag Anton Hain, Meisenheim am Glan 1968, p. 429.

See also

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