Carl Schuhmann

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Carl Schuhmann do gymnastics WrestlingWeightlifting
Schuhmann cavallo atene 1896.jpg
nation German EmpireThe German Imperium German Empire
birthday May 12, 1869
place of birth MunsterNorth German ConfederationNorth German ConfederationNorth German Confederation 
size 163 cm
job Goldsmith
date of death March 24, 1946
Place of death BerlinGermanyGermany 1946Germany 1945 to 1949 
discipline Gymnastics
Medal table
Olympic games 4 × gold 0 × silver 0 × bronze
Olympic gamesTemplate: medals_winter sports / maintenance / unrecognized
gold Athens 1896 Horse jump
gold Athens 1896 Horizontal bar team
gold Athens 1896 Team parallel bars
gold Athens 1896 Greek Roman

Carl Schuhmann (born May 12, 1869 in Münster , Westphalia , † March 24, 1946 in Berlin ) was a German athlete . As a four-time Olympic champion at the Olympic Games in Athens in 1896, he is one of the most successful summer Olympians .


Schuhmann, a professional goldsmith , his sports career began in Aachen TG and later became a member of the Berlin Turnerschaft corporation 1863. Schumann followed the call of the of Willibald Gebhardt launched Committee for Germany's participation in the Olympic Games in Athens , where he is the most successful became an international participant, who won the most gold medals with four wins, followed by Hermann Weingärtner , who was awarded five medals (three times silver, two times bronze). In addition, Schuhmann was the most versatile athlete. He won his medals for first place in apparatus gymnastics with the German squad on parallel bars and horizontal bars as well as the individual competition in horse jumping . He also won the competition in wrestling , which attracted particular attention, as he was the smallest participating athlete with a height of 1.63 m. He defeated the Greek Georgios Tsitas , who was both taller and heavier than Schuhmann, in a 65-minute fight that lasted two days. He also finished fourth in the two-armed weightlifting competition and took part in athletics .

After his return, Carl Schuhmann and the other German participants were mocked because the German gymnastics association had boycotted the Olympic Games in Athens. Carl Schuhmann emigrated to England and did not return to Germany until 1918.

Carl Schuhmann died in Berlin in March 1946 at the age of 76. His grave is in the state-owned cemetery Heerstraße in Berlin-Westend . By resolution of the Berlin Senate , the last resting place of Carl Schuhmann has been dedicated to the State of Berlin as an honorary grave since 1990 . The dedication was extended in 2018 by the usual period of twenty years.

In 2008 Schuhmann was one of the first 40 athletes to be inducted into the Hall of Fame of German Sports at the founding act .

Web links

Commons : Carl Schuhmann  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. There was no award of the first three places in their current form with gold, silver and bronze medals in 1896 and 1900. In some sports and competitions, plaques made of silver or bronze were awarded.
  2. a b c d Westfälische Nachrichten : Sports legends: Dr. Reiner Klimke tops the list: Münster's most successful Olympians , Münster, Michael Schulte, August 9, 2012
  3. Hans-Jürgen Mende : Lexicon of Berlin burial places . Pharus-Plan, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-86514-206-1 , p. 495.
  4. Honorary graves of the State of Berlin (as of November 2018) . (PDF, 413 kB) Senate Department for Environment, Transport and Climate Protection, p. 79. Accessed on November 23, 2019. Recognition and further preservation of graves as honorary graves of the State of Berlin . (PDF, 369 kB). Berlin House of Representatives, printed matter 18/14895 of November 21, 2018, p. 1 and Annex 2, p. 12. Accessed on November 23, 2019.