Heinrich Acker

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Heinrich Acker

Heinrich Wilhelm Joseph Acker (born May 12, 1896 in Gonsenheim ; † May 16, 1954 in Berlin-Wedding ) was a German politician ( SPD , SED from the forced unification of the SPD and KPD in 1946 ), a Prussian district administrator and deputy mayor of Berlin .


The Protestant Heinrich Acker was the son of the businessman of the same name Heinrich Acker. After attending elementary school and subsequently 1906-1912 the grammar school in Mainz, he with the school leaving certificate to Prima left, he put at the secondary school in Heppenheim from the matriculation examination for non-students. Immediately afterwards he began studying chemistry at the TH Darmstadt , which he had to interrupt as the First World War began . He did his military service from August 11, 1914 to November 23, 1918, most recently as a private in the military supply system. After the war, he continued his studies at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main with a new focus on law and political science. According to another source, Acker also went to the University of Cologne and the Humboldt University of Berlin to study . In November 1920 Acker became a Doctor of Economics and Social Sciences (pol. Dr. rer.) PhD . On January 19 of the following year, Acker got a job as a research assistant in the Prussian Ministry of Finance.

On November 25, 1925, he was temporarily commissioned with the administration of the Schwelm district , and his final appointment as district administrator followed on May 3, 1926. In the course of the local reorganization and the dissolution of the district, he was initially transferred to August 1, 1929 retirement. Acker was then employed on a trial basis in the Reich Ministry of Finance from September 1, 1929 to January 15, 1930, before he was transferred to the Arnsberg government on February 18, 1930, where he was employed at the Dortmund Oberversicherungsamt.

When he took up his post on April 4, 1930, Acker was appointed to take over the administration of the Zeitz district as the successor to District Administrator Karl Steinhoff . The provisional appointment was made on July 23, the definitive on August 29 of the same year. On November 4, 1932, however, Acker received the notification that he would be transferred to temporary retirement.

After the National Socialists came to power , Heinrich Acker was dismissed by a decree of June 15, 1933 on July 7, 1933 in accordance with Section 4 of the Professional Civil Service Act of April 7, 1933. After setting one brought by the District Committee Service criminal then he received (retroactively) as of August 1, 1933 three quarters of the earned pension to pensions awarded. In the period that followed, Acker earned his living doing academic work and as a freelance business and tax consultant. At the end of 1934, he was awarded a prize by the Academy for German Law for his work on reforms of company law and, here in particular, company law . Heinrich Acker was arrested several times during the National Socialist era .

At the end of the war , the Soviet occupation authorities appointed Heinrich Acker as head of the finance and tax department at the district office in Berlin-Wedding . In July 1946, he was appointed first deputy mayor of the district, before he became second mayor of Greater Berlin and thus deputy mayor in December 1946 . Relieved of this position in November 1948, he subsequently worked again as an auditor and tax advisor , as well as as head of studies at the Berlin Administrative Academy . Acker worked on several administrative and commercial law works. He was married to the doctor Elfriede Acker, née Ruthe. The marriage had two children.

Party functions

Heinrich Acker was a member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) from 1921 until he left the party on June 24, 1933. At the end of the Second World War, he again joined the SPD in 1945, remained a member of the SPD's compulsory union in the Soviet occupation zone with the Communist Party of Germany to form the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), and in September 1947 became part of the SED's Berlin State Executive Committee. In 1948 he was a member of the German People's Council , but in 1949 he finally resigned from the SED.


  • Walther Hubatsch (founder): Outline of the German administrative history 1815-1945. Row A: Prussia. Volume 6: Thomas Klein: Province of Saxony. Johann Gottfried Herder Institute, Marburg / Lahn 1975, ISBN 3-87969-118-5 , p. 161.

Web links

Commons : Heinrich Acker  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g h Joachim Lilla: Senior administrative officials and functionaries in Westphalia and Lippe (1918–1945 / 46). Biographical manual (= publications of the Historical Commission for Westphalia XXII A, historical works on Westphalian regional research, economic and social history group, volume 16), Aschendorff, Münster 2004, ISBN 3-402-06799-4 , p. 105.
  2. a b c Walter Habel: Who is who? The German Who's Who. XII. Edition, arani, Berlin-Grunewald 1955, p. 3.
  3. Heinrich Acker in the online version of the files of the Reich Chancellery edition . Weimar Republic