Raffaele Monaco La Valletta

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Raffaele Cardinal Monaco La Valletta, contemporary photography

Raffaele Monaco La Valletta (born February 23, 1827 in L'Aquila , † July 14, 1896 in Agerola , Province of Naples ) was an Italian clergyman and curia cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church . From 1889 until his death he was Dean of the College of Cardinals .


He first studied in Rome and in 1846 obtained his doctorate in theology , canon law and civil law . He was ordained a priest in 1849, after which he worked as a prelate and consultant in the congregation of the time for the execution and interpretation of the resolutions of the Tridentine church assembly as well as for recognition of decrees of the provincial synods ( Congregatio cardinalium Concilii Tridentini interpretum ; today: Congregation for the Clergy ).

He took over the office of assessor in the Congregation of the Roman and General Inquisition , with simultaneous appointment as canon , at the beginning of 1859 and held it until 1868.

During the consistory of March 13, 1868 Raffaele Monaco La Valletta was a cardinal priest with the titular church of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme in the College of Cardinals received. On January 9, 1874 Pope Pius IX appointed him . as titular archbishop of Heraclea in Europe and donated him episcopal ordination three days later ; Co-consecrators were Archbishop Frédéric-François-Xavier Ghislain de Mérode and Bishop François Marinelli OSA .

From 1876 to 1884 he was cardinal vicar of the diocese of Rome . In 1878 he was a participant in the conclave for the election of Pope Leo XIII. In 1884 Monaco La Valletta was made Cardinal Bishop of Albano by him. From 1884 to 1889 he was secretary of the Congregation for the Holy Roman and Universal Inquisition ( Congregatio Romanae et universalis Inquisitionis , today's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith ) and was appointed Cardinal Dean in 1889, which was connected with the appointment of Cardinal Bishop of Ostia . With this appointment he took over the leadership of the former Congregation for Ceremonies until his death in 1896 . At the same time the cardinal had since 1884 until his death Kardinalgroßpönitentiar .

Raffaele Monaco La Valletta was Honorary and Devotion Grand Cross Bailli of the Sovereign Order of Malta and from 1894 to 1896 Grand Prior of the Grand Priory of Rome of the Order of Malta.

Web links

Commons : Raffaele Monaco La Valletta  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. List of the grand priorities of Rome ( Memento of the original from September 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.ordinedimaltaitalia.org
predecessor Office successor
Carlo Sacconi Cardinal Bishop of Ostia (-Velletri)
Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano
Carlo Sacconi Cardinal Dean
Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano
Cardinal Luigi Bilio Major Cardinal
Penitentiary 1884–1896
Isidoro Cardinal Verga
Cardinal Luigi Bilio Secretary of the Holy Office
Lucido Maria Cardinal Parocchi
Gustav Adolf zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst Cardinal Bishop of Albano
Lucido Maria Parocchi
Cardinal Costantino Patrizi Naro Cardinal Vicar
Lucido Maria Cardinal Parocchi