Norman Thomas Gilroy

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Cardinal Gilroy (center) visits Strathfield, Australia (1946)
Cardinal coat of arms

Norman Thomas Cardinal Gilroy (born January 22, 1896 in Sydney , Australia , † October 21, 1977 there ) was Archbishop of Sydney .


Norman Thomas Gilroy was born in Sydney in January 1896, the second of six children to William James Gilroy and his wife Catherine (née Slattery). At the age of 13 he left school to work as a run boy in the Postmaster General's Department .

The following year he passed the telegraph operator exam and was finally transferred to Bourke in 1912 . When the First World War broke out, Gilroy wanted to join the Australian Imperial Force , but his parents forbade him. Instead he became a telegraph operator for the transport service and as such took part in the Battle of Gallipoli . During a six-week stay in England he met Father Davidson, with whom he soon developed a close friendship that had a lasting influence on Gilroy.

After returning to Australia, he returned to work as a telegraph operator in Lismore , New South Wales . There he came into contact with Terence Bernard McGuire , the cathedral's administrator. McGuire strove to promote the Australian clergy. Under his influence, Gilroy decided to become a priest. From 1917 he attended St Columba's Seminary and the Foreign Missionary College in Springwood in preparation for the study. From 1919 to 1924 Gilroy attended the Papal Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide" in Rome . There he was promoted to Dr. theol. PhD .

On December 24, 1923 he received the sacrament of ordination by the cardinal prefect of the Congregatio de Propaganda Fide , Wilhelmus Marinus van Rossum CSsR . From 1924 to 1931 he was a member of the Apostolic Delegation in Australia. From 1931 to 1935 he was personal secretary to the Bishop of Lismore , John Carroll , and diocesan chancellor.

Pope Pius XI appointed him on December 10, 1934 Bishop of Port Augusta . He was ordained episcopal by the Apostolic Delegate in Australia, Archbishop Filippo Bernardini , on March 17, 1935 at Saint Mary's Cathedral in Sydney, co-consecrators were the Bishop of Lismore, John Joseph Carroll, and the Bishop of Townsville , Terence Bernard McGuire .

Cardinal Gilroy (middle with miter) with Frank Cefai at the laying of the foundation stone of Our Lady Queen of Peace Catholic Church, Greystanes (1975)

On July 1, 1937, he was named Titular Archbishop of Cypsela and Coadjutor Archbishop of Sydney . With Michael Kelly's death on March 8, 1940, Norman Thomas Gilroy succeeded him as Archbishop of Sydney.

On February 18, 1946, Pope Pius XII took him . as a cardinal priest with the titular church Santi Quattro Coronati in the college of cardinals . Gilroy was the first cardinal of Australian descent.

Gilroy was a participant in the 1958 and 1963 conclaves . From 1962 to 1965 he took part in the Second Vatican Council , during which he also performed administrative tasks in the presidium. He resigned the leadership of the Archdiocese of Sydney on July 9, 1971.

Norman Thomas Cardinal Gilroy died on October 21, 1977 in Sydney and was buried in the cathedral there.



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predecessor Office successor
Michael Kelly Archbishop of Sydney
James Darcy Cardinal Freeman
Andrew Killian Bishop of Port Augusta
John Joseph Lonergan