Wilhelmus Marinus van Rossum
Wilhelmus Marinus van Rossum was the son (one of five children) of the cooper Johan van Rossum and his wife Hendrika Veldwillems. His father died when he was six years old, his mother when he was nine years old. Willem was admitted to the Catholic boarding school in his hometown. As a ten-year-old he got to know this order on the occasion of a popular mission to which Redemptorists from Amsterdam had come to Zwolle. It was then that he decided to join the Redemptorists. Thanks to the support of the pastor of his home parish, Gerardus Roelofs, who recognized his calling and his talent, he was able to enter the minor seminary in Culemborg in 1867 .
In 1873 Willem van Rossum entered the Redemptorist order and received his theological and philosophical training in various houses of the order (in Wittem , in Roermond and in 's-Hertogenbosch ) . He received on 17 October 1879, the sacrament of Holy Orders , and then worked as a professor of Latin and rhetoric in Roermond. From 1883 to 1892 he worked as a professor of dogmatics and the history of dogmas at the Scholastikat in Wittem, where he held the office of prefect of studies from 1886 to 1893 and was head of the house management from 1893 to 1895 .
From 1895 to 1911 he was a member of the community of his order in Rome and was advisor to the Commission for the Codification of Canon Law . In the years 1909 to 1911 he held leadership positions in his order. In 1911 Pope Pius X accepted him as a cardinal deacon with the titled deaconry San Cesareo in Palatio (also Chiesa di San Cesareo de Appia ) in the cardinals college and in 1914 appointed him president of the Pontifical Biblical Commission . Pope Benedict XV appointed Wilhelmus Marinus van Rossum in 1915 as major penitentiary and elevated him to cardinal priest with the titular church of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme . In 1917 he became a member of the Pontifical Commission for the Interpretation of Legal Texts created in the course of the introduction of the Codex Iuris Canonici .
On April 25, 1918, Benedict XV appointed him Titular Archbishop of Caesarea in Mauretania and the Cardinal Prefect of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith and donated him on May 19 of that year, the episcopal ordination ; Co- consecrators were Giovanni Battista Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano , Almsier of His Holiness , and Agostino Zampini OSA , Sacristan of His Holiness . He took part in the 1922 conclave , from which Pius XI. emerged as Pope. From December 11, 1922 to May 23, 1923 he was treasurer of the Holy College of Cardinals . He organized the Universal Mission Exhibition for the Holy Year 1925 . He supported the indigenization of the clergy.
Willem van Rossum is revered in his hometown to this day. When he visited Zwolle in July 1913, all streets and squares were decorated and the city was in a state of emergency. The mayor and council received “Zwolle's noble offspring” with two-day celebrations and with homage , as if he were a ruling prince . It is said that Queen Wilhelmina was almost jealous of such a welcome.
In Amsterdam , 's-Hertogenbosch and Maastricht , too , statues and plaques commemorate Wilhelmus Marinus van Rossum. Streets are named after him in Wittem, Venray , Tilburg , Dongen , Beringe, Maastricht and other places in the Netherlands.
- Eric Corsius: Willem van Rossum and the theological tradition of the Redemptorists . In: Trajecta. Religie, cultuur en samenleving in de Nederlanden , , vol. 19/20 (2010–2011), issue 1/2, pp. 38–51.
- Bijdrage tot de divorced van Zwolle's great Cardinaal . Overijselsche Courant- en Handelsdrukkerij, Zwolle 1932.
- Joseph Maria Drehmanns: Cardinaal van Rossum, korte levensschets. Editorial Romen, Roermond 1935.
- Jan Olav Smit: Wilhelmus Marinus, Kardinaal van Rossum. Een big men en wijs bestuurder. Editorial Romen & Zonen, Roermond 1955.
- Joop Vernooij: Cardinal Willem Marinus van Rossum C.Ss.R. (1854-1932). A Dutch son of Alphonsus at the Roman Curia . In: Trajecta. Religie, cultuur en samenleving in de Nederlanden , vol. 19/20 (2010–2011), issue 1/2, pp. 8–25.
- Otto Weiß: Guardian of the faith van Rossum . In: Trajecta. Religie, cultuur en samenleving in de Nederlanden , vol. 19/20 (2010–2011), issue 1/2, pp. 66–81.
- Nationaal van Rossum in the "Katholiek Documentatie Centrum" (KDC) in Nijmegen
- Rossum, C.SS.R., Wilhelmus Marinus van. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website), accessed August 5, 2016.
- Entry on Wilhelmus Marinus van Rossum on catholic-hierarchy.org ; accessed on August 5, 2016.
- Otto Lankhorst: La jeunesse du cardinal Van Rossum et son lien avec le Salland, sa région d'origine . In: Trajecta. Religie, cultuur en samenleving in de Nederlanden , vol. 19/20 (2010–2011), issue 1/2, pp. 27–37, here p. 27.
- Otto Lankhorst: La jeunesse du cardinal Van Rossum et son lien avec le Salland, sa région d'origine . In: Trajecta , vol. 19/20 (2010–2011), issue 1/2, pp. 27–37, here p. 28.
- Otto Lankhorst: La jeunesse du cardinal Van Rossum et son lien avec le Salland, sa région d'origine . In: Trajecta , vol. 19/20 (2010–2011), issue 1/2, pp. 27–37, here p. 32.
- Otto Lankhorst: La jeunesse du cardinal Van Rossum et son lien avec le Salland, sa région d'origine . In: Trajecta , vol. 19/20 (2010–2011), issue 1/2, pp. 27–37, here p. 33.
- Anna Luisa Casiraghi: The proceedings of the codification of canon law and the contribution of Willem van Rossum . In: Trajecta , Vol. 19/20 (2010-2011), Issue 1/2, pp. 82-95.
- Kees Ribbens: “Heil U! Zwolle's noble spruit. ”De terugkeer van kardinaal Van Rossum in zijn geboortestad . In: Zwols Historisch Tijdschrift , Vol. 13 (1996), Issue 2, pp. 58-65.
|Domenico Cardinal Serafini||
Prefect of the Congregation De Propaganda Fide
|Pietro Cardinal Fumasoni Biondi|
|Serafino Cardinal Vannutelli||
|Oreste Cardinal Giorgi|
|SURNAME||Rossum, Wilhelmus Marinus van|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Rossum, Wilhelmus Marinus Cardinal van|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Dutch clergyman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 3, 1854|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Zwolle|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 30, 1932|
|Place of death||Maastricht|