San Cesareo in Palatio

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Basic data
Patronage : Holy Caesarius of Terracina
Architect :
Architectural style : Baroque / Classicism
Title Church : July 6, 1517 - January 18, 1580
Title diakonia : since 1600
Cardinal Deacon: Antonio Maria Vegliò
Start of building: 8th century
Rite: Roman rite
Address: Via di Porta San Sebastiano, 00179 Roma, Italy
San Cesareo in Palatio

Coordinates: 41 ° 52 ′ 42.2 ″  N , 12 ° 29 ′ 49.1 ″  E San Cesareo in Palatio or San Caesareo de Appia is a Roman Catholic titular church in Rome near the beginning of the Via Appia . It is dedicated to Saint Caesarius of Terracina , a deacon and martyr of African descent in the 2nd century.



In the 4th century the Roman emperor Valentinian I was healed at the shrine of the emperor in Terracina , at the place of martyrdom. The emperor then had the relics brought to Rome in a church on the Palatine Hill. In the 16th century, when the current church was elevated to the title church / diakonia, this and the current church were equated and the name "in Palatio", "in the palace", was used for the title and in official names of the diocese of Rome. The current church is called San Caesareo de Appia. Possibly the name Caesarius means belonging to the emperor and there was no saint of this name. From today's perspective, this can no longer be conclusively clarified.

During an excavation in 1936, a Roman bath from the 2nd and 3rd centuries with a 400 square meter black and white mosaic depicting Neptune , tritons and sea creatures was found on the site.

The foundations of the first church from the 8th century were also found. It had a nave with two apses. The floor of the bathhouse was raised 1.5 meters and the walls were provided with four external pilaster struts on each side.

Some evidence from medieval sources suggests that a monastery with the Byzantine rite existed here at that time . It was presumably settled by refugees before the Islamic expansion and the Byzantine iconoclasm .

middle Ages

There are no written sources of the origins of the Church. The first written record was in 1192. In the Middle Ages the church was part of a hospice and a hospital, which was indicated by a column in front of the entrance.

17th century

Coat of arms of Pope Clement VII.

The present church is the result of a reconstruction in 1602 and 1603 under the direction of the historian Cardinal Cesare Baronio , who was a cardinal priest of the nearby church of Santi Nereo e Achilleo . He assumed that it was about the old palace chapel and therefore developed a lively initiative for its reconstruction. Without his initiative the church would have continued to deteriorate and the stones would have been used by the landowners as repair material in the vineyards. Based on this assumption, Pope Clement VII raised the church to a title diakonia in 1600 . The coat of arms of the ruling Pope from the Aldobrandini family and in the center of Saint Caesarius were incorporated into the coffered ceiling at that time . The Giacomo della Portas frescoes on the facade have now been lost due to pollution . The Cosmati pulpit, the balustrades , the altar front and the cathedra behind the altar (in pale blue, which is unusual for Kosmatenarbeiten) are then out of St. John Lateran have been spent here or another church. The paintings between the windows were painted in the 17th century by Cavaliere d'Arpino and Cesare Rossetti and show the martyrs of Saint Caesarius and several martyrs named Hippolytus, which was a homage to Pope Clement VII, who was called Ippolito. It was Cavaliere D'Arpino who depicted the rare motif God the Father in the mosaic .

20th century

inner space

Another renovation took place between 1955 and 1963. Pope John Paul II was the cardinal priest of this titular diaconia between June 26, 1967 and his election as Pope on October 16, 1978 .

Titular church and titular deaconry

Cardinal priest

Between July 6, 1517 and 1587, San Cesareio was titular church.

Cardinal deacons

In 1600 San Caesareo was raised to the title diaconia in Palatio . The current cardinal deacon has been the former cardinal Antonio Maria Vegliò since February 18, 2012 .


Organ console

The organ in the nave was between 1997 and 1999 by Francesco Saverio Cola Marino reusing the gaming table with electric tracker action and using the multi-system for the register rebuilt. The instrument has 38 registers, which are divided into two manuals and a pedal . The disposition is as follows:

I Great Organ C – c 5
Drone 16 ′
Principal 8th'
Flute 8th'
Octave 4 ′
Flauto a Camino 4 ′
XII 2 23
XV 2 ′
third 1 35
XIX 1 13
horn V
Ripieno VI
II Positive C-c 5
Principalino 8th'
Salicionale 8th'
Drone 8th'
Prestant 4 ′
flute 4 ′
Nasat 2 23
Night horn 2 ′
Flute in third 1 35
Quinta Acuta 1 13
Piccolo 1'
Sesquialtera II
Ripieno III
oboe 8th'
Clarino 8th'
Pedals C – g 1
Principal 16 ′
Sub bass 16 ′
Basso 8th'
Drone 8th'
Basso Corale 4 ′
Corno di Notte 4 ′
Flautino 2 ′
Quintadena 2 ′
Duodecima 2 23
Decimanona 1 13
Ripieno IV
Fagotto 12 ′

Web links

Commons : San Cesareo de Appia (Rome)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. d1c96 .html Entry on San Cesareo in Palatio on
  2. d1c01 .html Entry on San Cesareo in Palatio on