Oskar Sima

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Oskar Michael Sima (born July 31, 1896 in Hohenau , Austria-Hungary , † June 24, 1969 in Langenzersdorf , Lower Austria ) was an Austrian theater and film actor .


Born the son of a baker, Oskar Sima first attended a commercial school before enrolling in the Vienna Conservatory for Drama. In 1910 he became a member of the Viennese student fraternity Markomannia , in 1957 its honorary member . After his military service in 1919 he got an engagement at the Deutsches Theater in Prague , then at the Deutsches Volkstheater in Vienna.

He came to film as early as 1921 . In 1927 he went to Berlin and worked under Max Reinhardt and Erwin Piscator .

My film in Vienna, born in 1938
Oskar Sima's grave

In 1933 he became a member of the NSDAP (membership number: 1.668.487). In Mein Film in Wien, the Illustrierte Film- und Kinorundschau, of April 15, 1938, Oskar Sima was among those who joyfully expressed themselves about the title We want to be a single people of brothers about the “reunification of Austria with the Reich”, the one who in particular, he thanked Adolf Hitler "with all my heart". This commitment to the fall of Austria may have prevented Sima from receiving a prominent federal award in the Second Republic. Sima played numerous roles in films that spread political messages that were systematically relevant to the Nazi regime. One example is the film Weather Lights about Barbara (1941), classified by the Nazi regime as “valuable to the state” , in which Sima played the leading role and which exaggerated the history of the illegal National Socialists in Austria before 1938 as a victim.

Nevertheless, from 1944 onwards, through Paul Hörbiger , Sima also came into contact with a small resistance cell that was later discovered and smashed. During the advance of the Red Army , Sima hid two injured Russian soldiers in his house in Hohenau an der March .

After the Second World War , Sima devoted herself mainly to film. In 1967 he shot his last one, Susanne - the landlady of the Lahn . In the same year he had his last TV appearance. In the ORF television production The Command (director: Edwin Zbonek ), the actor, who is otherwise focused on comedic roles, played a former Nazi colonel who earned his living as a furniture dealer in Vienna in the 1960s.

Oskar Sima took part in over 300 films, where he was mainly used as a supporting actor. One critic therefore once called him the king of supporting roles . He worked in almost all branches, mainly in operettas and comedies , but sometimes also in serious films and melodramas . Mostly he was the seedy guy with a cigar and double standards. At the end of 1967 / beginning of 1968 he retired to his property near Vienna. Shortly before his death in 1969, he received the Gold Film Ribbon for many years of outstanding work in German film.

Oskar Sima was married to the actress Lina Voivode .

In memory of Oskar Sima, the house where he was born in Hohenau an der March was converted into a local museum, where, among other things, biographies, excerpts from his films, etc. can be seen. Oskar Sima spent his old age in Langenzersdorf, where he lived at the address “An den Mühlen 40” and owned a wine cellar in Kellergasse 119. Oskar Sima died after a heart attack in his home town. His grave is at the Langenzersdorf cemetery near Vienna. In 1997 the Oskar-Sima-Gasse in Vienna- Donaustadt (22nd district) was named after him.



  • Brigitte Semanek (Red.): Vines, trots, supporting roles. The Hohenauer winemaker, horse breeder and film actor Oskar Sima . Museum Hohenau, Hohenau an der March 2004 (catalog of the special exhibition of the same name).
  • Detlef Romey: Oskar Sima, king of supporting roles. Theater, film and contemporary history . epubli, Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-7418-1523-2 .
  • Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume II: Artists. Winter, Heidelberg 2018, ISBN 978-3-8253-6813-5 , pp. 640–641.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. How Austrian audience favorites came to terms with the Nazi regime In: profil from February 23, 2010.
  2. a b Vienna's street names since 1860 as “Political Places of Remembrance” (PDF; 4.4 MB), p. 190f, final research project report, Vienna, July 2013
  3. ^ Peter Alexander and his artist friends in Langenzersdorf
  4. knerger.de: The grave of Oskar Sima
  5. Oskar Sima, king of supporting roles. In: epubli. Retrieved May 31, 2016 .