Oskar Müller (politician)
In 1918 he was elected to a soldiers' council. In 1922 he joined the KPD, for which he sat in the Prussian state parliament from 1924 to 1933 . From 1924 he was in the KPD Hessen responsible for cooperation with the trade unions.
Müller was arrested in 1933, initially taken to prison and finally deported to a concentration camp. Müller was in Sachsenhausen concentration camp until 1939 . In the Dachau concentration camp he did anti-fascist work as a camp elder and, after liberation by the 7th US Army, co-founded the Comité International de Dachau .
On October 12, 1945, the American occupation forces appointed him as Hessian Minister of State for Labor under Prime Minister Karl Geiler ( SPD ). This position was renamed the Hessian Minister of State for Labor and Welfare on November 1, 1946 , before he was dismissed from his post on January 7, 1947.
Oskar Müller is one of the fathers of the Hessian constitution . He was particularly involved in the prohibition of lockouts and in Articles 41 and 42, which provide for the transfer of large-scale industry to common property. He was also involved in drawing up the Works Constitution Act and in the legal regulation of war victims' provisions.
The German Bundestag belonged Müller in the first legislative period of (1949-1953). On June 15, 1950, Müller and his parliamentary group colleagues Heinz Renner , Friedrich Rische and Walter Vesper were barred from participating in plenary sessions for 20 days by the President of the Bundestag, Erich Köhler, because of unparliamentary behavior .
As the state chairman of the KPD Hessen , he was deposed in 1951 by the federal executive committee and replaced by Klaus Weigle . He was accused of not having adequately represented the line of Soviet Germany policy in the election campaign, and in addition, because of his misconduct, “opportunism spread like an epidemic” in the Hessian state association. In 1953 he was arrested for allegedly violating the constitution, the lawsuit was dismissed.
- Rudolf Vierhaus , Ludolf Herbst (eds.), Bruno Jahn (collaborators): Biographical manual of the members of the German Bundestag. 1949-2002. Vol. 1: A-M. KG Saur, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-598-23782-0 , pp. 578-588.
- Müller, Oskar . In: Hermann Weber , Andreas Herbst : German Communists. Biographisches Handbuch 1918 to 1945. 2nd, revised and greatly expanded edition. Dietz, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-320-02130-6 .
- Literature by and about Oskar Müller in the catalog of the German National Library
- Biography ( Memento from February 19, 2006 in the Internet Archive )
- Free People , February 21, 1951.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (KPD), MdL, MdB|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 25, 1896|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Wohlau , Province of Silesia|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 14, 1970|
|Place of death||Langen (Hesse)|