Oskar Müller (politician)

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Oskar Müller (born June 25, 1896 in Wohlau , Province of Silesia , † January 14, 1970 in Langen (Hessen) ) was a German politician of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD).


In 1918 he was elected to a soldiers' council. In 1922 he joined the KPD, for which he sat in the Prussian state parliament from 1924 to 1933 . From 1924 he was in the KPD Hessen responsible for cooperation with the trade unions.

Müller was arrested in 1933, initially taken to prison and finally deported to a concentration camp. Müller was in Sachsenhausen concentration camp until 1939 . In the Dachau concentration camp he did anti-fascist work as a camp elder and, after liberation by the 7th US Army, co-founded the Comité International de Dachau .

On October 12, 1945, the American occupation forces appointed him as Hessian Minister of State for Labor under Prime Minister Karl Geiler ( SPD ). This position was renamed the Hessian Minister of State for Labor and Welfare on November 1, 1946 , before he was dismissed from his post on January 7, 1947.

Oskar Müller is one of the fathers of the Hessian constitution . He was particularly involved in the prohibition of lockouts and in Articles  41 and 42, which provide for the transfer of large-scale industry to common property. He was also involved in drawing up the Works Constitution Act and in the legal regulation of war victims' provisions.

The German Bundestag belonged Müller in the first legislative period of (1949-1953). On June 15, 1950, Müller and his parliamentary group colleagues Heinz Renner , Friedrich Rische and Walter Vesper were barred from participating in plenary sessions for 20 days by the President of the Bundestag, Erich Köhler, because of unparliamentary behavior .

As the state chairman of the KPD Hessen , he was deposed in 1951 by the federal executive committee and replaced by Klaus Weigle . He was accused of not having adequately represented the line of Soviet Germany policy in the election campaign, and in addition, because of his misconduct, “opportunism spread like an epidemic” in the Hessian state association. In 1953 he was arrested for allegedly violating the constitution, the lawsuit was dismissed.

After the KPD ban , he devoted himself from 1956 to his work at the Association of Persecuted Persons of the Nazi Regime ( VVN ).


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Free People , February 21, 1951.