Heinz Renner

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Heinz Renner (born January 6, 1892 as Heinrich Renner in Lückenburg (Bernkastel district); † January 11, 1964 in East Berlin ) was a German politician ( KPD ). In 1946 he was the first Lord Mayor of the city of Essen after the end of the National Socialist tyranny and Minister of Social Affairs in North Rhine-Westphalia , from 1946 to 1949 a member of the state parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia , from 1947 to 1948 Minister of Transport in North Rhine-Westphalia and from 1949 to 1953 a member of the Bundestag .


Door sign at Onckenstrasse 5 in Essen
Honorary grave of the city of Essen at the Südwestfriedhof Essen

After graduating from high school and participating in the First World War , Renner worked as a journalist. First a member of the SPD from 1910 , after the split in the party he joined the USPD and then became a member of the KPD. He was city councilor and parliamentary group leader of the KPD in Essen before he emigrated to the Saar region after the Nazis came to power in 1933, where he worked politically for the KPD. From 1939 to 1943 he was interned in various French detention camps. In 1943 he was extradited to the German authorities and then held in Ludwigsburg prison until 1945 .

Renner was a member of the 13-person citizens' committee founded on June 29, 1945. He was appointed to his post by the British occupation authorities on February 6, 1946 as the first Lord Mayor of the city of Essen after the Second World War , until he was replaced by Gustav Heinemann after the local elections in October 1946 . During his time as Lord Mayor, Renner called for the establishment of the Essen Minster Building Association in order to rebuild the Essen Minster , which was destroyed in the war and which he described as "one of the oldest and most beautiful monuments of our home on the Rhine". At that time, Renner lived on Onckenstrasse in Essen-Frohnhausen . He was Minister of Social Affairs in North Rhine-Westphalia from August 29 to December 5, 1946 , and later Minister of Transport from June 17, 1947 to April 5, 1948 . He was dismissed together with Hugo Paul because he refused to distance himself from the politics of the parliamentary group under Josef Ledwohn .

Renner was a member of the Parliamentary Council in 1948/1949 . There, in contrast to the more demagogic party chairman Max Reimann, he was regarded as a knowledgeable expert, whose content-related applications (e.g. for the ban on corporal punishment , for the anchoring of the 40-hour week in the Basic Law or the equality of illegitimate children) were always rejected. At the end of the deliberations, Renner refused to sign the Basic Law with the words “I am not signing the division of Germany”.

Renner belonged to the state parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia from October 2, 1946 to September 29, 1949. There he was chairman of the KPD parliamentary group from December 1946 to April 1947 and headed the working committee from June 1948 to September 1949.

He belonged to the German Bundestag in its first legislative period (1949–1953). He was the deputy chairman of the KPD parliamentary group. On September 20, 1949, Renner received the first call to order in the history of the Bundestag for an interjection accusing Konrad Adenauer of “lying agitation” during his government declaration . Ten days later, on September 30, 1949, he was also the first MP to be withdrawn. On June 15, 1950, Renner was excluded from participation in plenary sessions for twenty days because of unparliamentary behavior by Bundestag President Erich Köhler, together with his parliamentary group colleagues Oskar Müller , Walter Vesper and Friedrich Rische . A further exclusion for the same reason, also for twenty days, was pronounced against him on May 14, 1952 by the President of the Bundestag Hermann Ehlers .

Renner tried to run as an independent candidate in the state elections in North Rhine-Westphalia in 1958 . As a result, his compensation as a victim of Nazi persecution under the Federal Compensation Act in the amount of DM 230 was withdrawn from him in 1959 and DM 27,383.60 was reclaimed on the grounds that by attempting to stand as a forbidden KPD activity he was fighting the liberal-democratic basic order. Renner was temporarily imprisoned by the federal prosecutor's office in 1960. Due to his illness, he was given exemption from prison with the condition not to leave the Federal Republic. He used the approved spa stay in Bad Karlsbad to flee to the GDR .

After his death in 1964, Heinz Renner was buried in an urn grave at the south-west cemetery in Essen . The resting place was later named the honor grave of the city of Essen. In Essen's west quarter , Heinz-Renner-Platz is a reminder of the city's former mayor. The office of the Essen district association of the party Die Linke has been named Heinz Renner Haus since 2012 .

See also


  • Information service on the Angenfort / Seiffert process . Responsible Heinz Renner, Bonn 1955.
  • Information service about social, economic and political . Edited by Heinz Renner. 1957 ff.



  1. http://www.muensterbauverein-essen.de/geschichte-des-vereins/ Website of the Essen Münsterbauverein, accessed on October 17, 2017

Web links

Commons : Heinz Renner  - Collection of Images