Johann Ernst (politician, 1888)

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Johann Ernst (Reichstag Handbook 1933)

Johann Ernst (born October 30, 1888 in Kirschienen , East Prussia , † April 20, 1969 in Aachen ) was a German trade unionist and politician ( center , later CDU ).

Life and work

After attending primary school, Ernst initially worked in agriculture. From 1905 to 1908 he worked as a miner in Hombruch-Barop , did military service from 1908 to 1911 and was employed as a miner in Lünen from 1911 to 1914 . From 1914 to 1918 he took part in the First World War as a soldier . Ernst had joined the Christian Miners' Union in June 1907 , worked full-time as a trade union official after the end of the war and was district manager in the mining districts of Lower Silesia , Upper Silesia and Aachen from 1919 to 1933 . During the occupation of the Ruhr , he participated in the passive resistance , whereupon he was arrested and expelled from the Rhineland . After the takeover of the NSDAP he was dismissed from his union office and then worked for an insurance company.

After the Second World War , Ernst joined IG Bergbau and in 1945/46 was the district manager of the trade union in the Aachen coal mining district. He acted in various mining associations, was director for social issues at the German coal mining management in Essen from 1947 to 1950 and also acted as committee chairman for workers' housing at the European Coal and Steel Community (EGKS) in Luxembourg .

Political party

Ernst had been a member of the Center Party since 1912 , which dissolved in 1933 under pressure from the National Socialists. He joined the CDU in 1945.


Ernst was a council member of the city ​​of Waldenburg from 1920/21 and from 1928 to 1933 council member of the Herzogenrath community . In 1920/21 he was a member of the Provincial Parliament of Lower Silesia and from 1928 to 1933 a member of the Provincial Parliament of the Rhine Province . In 1932/1933 he was a member of the Reichstag .

After the war ended, Ernst was elected to the Aachen City Council in 1946 and was a member of the Aachen-Land district from 1946 to 1951 . In 1946 he was also a member of the North Rhine Provincial Council . He was a member of the North Rhine-Westphalian state parliament in both terms of appointment in 1946 and then until 1958 as a directly elected member.

Public offices

Ernst officiated from 1946 to 1949 and 1954 to 1956 as a district administrator of the district of Aachen . On September 15, 1950, he was appointed as Minister of Labor in the government of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia led by Prime Minister Karl Arnold , but left office on October 1, 1953, as his department on that day was in the newly formed Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs and reconstruction began. The head of government transferred his function and that of Minister of Social Affairs Josef Weber to Minister of Reconstruction Otto Schmidt . After the formation of a single Christian Democratic government, Ernst was appointed Minister-President Franz Meyers as Minister of Labor and Social Affairs on July 24, 1958 . On October 12, 1959, he moved to the head of the Ministry of Federal Affairs , whose leadership he resigned on August 9, 1960 for reasons of age.

See also

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