Life and work
After studying German literature, history and art history, Middelhauves received his doctorate in 1921. phil. at the University of Cologne . He then worked initially as an independent bookseller in Leverkusen and from 1922 as a publisher. In 1924 he founded a printing company in Opladen . In 1938 he took over a paper processing plant in Cologne .
Friedrich Middelhauve was the founder and owner of the eponymous publishing house in 1947, which was the first to publish the works of Heinrich Böll . His daughter Gertraud later ran this publishing house under her name. With Westdeutscher Verlag , Middelhauve also founded one of the leading social science publishers in Germany (merged with VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften in 2004, today Springer VS ). He was a member of the general assembly of the Solingen Chamber of Commerce and Industry .
Middelhauve was married to Bertha and had three children: Friedrich Middelhauve jun., Gertraud Middelhauve and Mechthild Ruf geb. Middelhauve.
In 1945 Middelhauve first founded the German rebuilding party in Opladen . However, he soon transferred it to the FDP and quickly became one of the leading figures in the Rhineland along with Franz Blücher , Hermann Höpker-Aschoff and Erich Mende . From 1947 to 1956 he was the successor to Gustav Altenhain as the state chairman in North Rhine-Westphalia . From 1952 to 1956 he was also deputy federal chairman and from 1950 to 1956 a member of the FDP federal executive committee . He was also vice-president of the German group of the Liberal World Union , later the Liberal International.
Through Ernst Achenbach, Middelhauve had close contact with the right-wing extremist group around Werner Naumann , who planned an inner-party overthrow but was overthrown by the British in early 1953. With Achenbach and various former National Socialists, Middelhauve also designed the German program , which failed in the vote at the FDP federal party conference in Bad Ems in 1952 due to the rejection of the regional associations of Hamburg , Bremen and Baden-Württemberg .
After the coup, the so-called Young Turks ( Wolfgang Döring , Hans Wolfgang Rubin , Walter Scheel and Willi Weyer ) in 1956, after consultation with Thomas Dehler the CDU -Ministerpräsidenten Karl Arnold with a constructive vote of no confidence peeled off and by the SPD -Politiker Fritz Steinhoff replaced , Middelhauve, who was considered the foster father of the Young Turks within the party , resigned from his position as state chairman and withdrew from politics two years later when his state parliament mandate expired. In contrast to the so-called ministerial wing around August-Martin Euler , he remained a party member until his death.
Before 1933, Middelhauve was deputy chairman of the Düsseldorf-Süd constituency and chairman of the Rhein-Wupper district association of the German State Party. From 1946 to 1958 Middelhauve was a member of the state parliament . In 1946/47 he was also a city councilor in Leverkusen . From 1949 to October 17, 1950 and from 1953 to September 10, 1954 Middelhauve was also a member of the German Bundestag .
From 1954 to 1956 Middelhauve was Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Economics and Transport in North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Middelhauve estate is kept in the State Archive of North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland Department, and forms part RWN 0172 there.
- Kristian Buchna: National Collection on the Rhine and Ruhr. Friedrich Middelhauve and the North Rhine-Westphalian FDP 1945–1953 , Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, Munich 2010, ISBN 3-486-59802-3 .
- Karl Hax : Friedrich Middelhauve in memory . In: ZfbF 1966, pp. 613-615.
- Friedrich Henning : Friedrich Middelhauve . In: Walter Först (ed.): Between Ruhrkampf and Reconstruction , Cologne / Berlin 1972, pp. 166–172.
- Franz Menges: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 17, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-428-00198-2 , p. 461 f. ( ). In:
- Entry in the Leverkusen who's who
- about Friedrich Middelhauve from Wolf Bierbach (PDF; 319 kB)
- Friedrich Middelhauve at the North Rhine-Westphalia state parliament
- Christof Brauers: The FDP in Hamburg 1945 to 1953 , Martin Meidenbauer Verlagbuchhandlung, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-89975-569-5 , p. 281.
- Norbert Frei , Franka Maubach, Christina Morina and Maik TÄNDER: At the right time. Against the return of nationalism. Ullstein, Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-550-20015-1 , p. 78 ff.
- Rolf Zundel : The legend of Heppenheim . In: Zeit Online , December 9, 1988.
- this: see points 11 (2011), No. 1 .
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (DDP, FDP), Member of the Bundestag, Member of the Bundestag and publisher|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 17, 1896|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Siegen , Westphalia|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 14, 1966|
|Place of death||Bad Mergentheim , Baden-Wuerttemberg|