Friedrich Middelhauve

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Friedrich Middelhauve (born November 17, 1896 in Siegen , Westphalia , † July 14, 1966 in Bad Mergentheim , Baden-Württemberg ) was a German publisher and politician of the FDP .

Life and work

After studying German literature, history and art history, Middelhauves received his doctorate in 1921. phil. at the University of Cologne . He then worked initially as an independent bookseller in Leverkusen and from 1922 as a publisher. In 1924 he founded a printing company in Opladen . In 1938 he took over a paper processing plant in Cologne .

Friedrich Middelhauve was the founder and owner of the eponymous publishing house in 1947, which was the first to publish the works of Heinrich Böll . His daughter Gertraud later ran this publishing house under her name. With Westdeutscher Verlag , Middelhauve also founded one of the leading social science publishers in Germany (merged with VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften in 2004, today Springer VS ). He was a member of the general assembly of the Solingen Chamber of Commerce and Industry .

Middelhauve was married to Bertha and had three children: Friedrich Middelhauve jun., Gertraud Middelhauve and Mechthild Ruf geb. Middelhauve.

Party activity

Friedrich Middelhauve was a member of the German State Party (DDP) during the Weimar Republic . He was not politically active during National Socialism .

In 1945 Middelhauve first founded the German rebuilding party in Opladen . However, he soon transferred it to the FDP and quickly became one of the leading figures in the Rhineland along with Franz Blücher , Hermann Höpker-Aschoff and Erich Mende . From 1947 to 1956 he was the successor to Gustav Altenhain as the state chairman in North Rhine-Westphalia . From 1952 to 1956 he was also deputy federal chairman and from 1950 to 1956 a member of the FDP federal executive committee . He was also vice-president of the German group of the Liberal World Union , later the Liberal International.

Through Ernst Achenbach, Middelhauve had close contact with the right-wing extremist group around Werner Naumann , who planned an inner-party overthrow but was overthrown by the British in early 1953. With Achenbach and various former National Socialists, Middelhauve also designed the German program , which failed in the vote at the FDP federal party conference in Bad Ems in 1952 due to the rejection of the regional associations of Hamburg , Bremen and Baden-Württemberg .

After the coup, the so-called Young Turks ( Wolfgang Döring , Hans Wolfgang Rubin , Walter Scheel and Willi Weyer ) in 1956, after consultation with Thomas Dehler the CDU -Ministerpräsidenten Karl Arnold with a constructive vote of no confidence peeled off and by the SPD -Politiker Fritz Steinhoff replaced , Middelhauve, who was considered the foster father of the Young Turks within the party , resigned from his position as state chairman and withdrew from politics two years later when his state parliament mandate expired. In contrast to the so-called ministerial wing around August-Martin Euler , he remained a party member until his death.

From 1962 until his death he was a member of the Advisory Board of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation .


Before 1933, Middelhauve was deputy chairman of the Düsseldorf-Süd constituency and chairman of the Rhein-Wupper district association of the German State Party. From 1946 to 1958 Middelhauve was a member of the state parliament . In 1946/47 he was also a city councilor in Leverkusen . From 1949 to October 17, 1950 and from 1953 to September 10, 1954 Middelhauve was also a member of the German Bundestag .

Public offices

From 1954 to 1956 Middelhauve was Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Economics and Transport in North Rhine-Westphalia.

The Middelhauve estate is kept in the State Archive of North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland Department, and forms part RWN 0172 there.

See also

Arnold III cabinet


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Christof Brauers: The FDP in Hamburg 1945 to 1953 , Martin Meidenbauer Verlagbuchhandlung, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-89975-569-5 , p. 281.
  2. Norbert Frei , Franka Maubach, Christina Morina and Maik TÄNDER: At the right time. Against the return of nationalism. Ullstein, Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-550-20015-1 , p. 78 ff.
  3. Rolf Zundel : The legend of Heppenheim . In: Zeit Online , December 9, 1988.
  4. ↑ On this: see points 11 (2011), No. 1 .