Comité International de Dachau

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The Comité International de Dachau (CID) is the organization of the former prisoners of the Dachau concentration camp near Munich .

Established in 1945

On Sunday, April 29, 1945, the Dachau camp was liberated . In cooperation with the American administration, an international prisoner committee started work in the camp on the same day. It was composed of the following people:

The executive authority remained with camp elder Oskar Müller and with camp clerk Jan Domalaga. Jan Marcinkowkski was hired for nutritional issues.

The activities extended to the continuation of the organizational operation, to abolish the overcrowding of the apartment blocks, to partially relocate the prisoners to other places and to restore hygienic conditions. The Americans ensured the supply of food and medicine. The most difficult task was dealing with high mortality and disease containment. Inmate doctors and staff from the US troops vaccinated all inmates against typhus and isolated some of the apartment blocks and ensured better hygienic conditions.

Re-establishment with international networking

Many of the former prisoners had met regularly since the first founding in 1945 and, among other things, advocated the establishment of a permanent memorial. For decades after 1948, a barrack camp for refugees and displaced persons had been set up on the camp site itself, some of whom, especially social democrats from the Sudetenland , had already been imprisoned in the Dachau concentration camp .

Restructuring took place in 1950 and 1955, also with international networking. So z. B. many former Dachau prisoners at the opening of a museum in Buchenwald in April 1954. The congress of the “Foederation internationale des Résistants” in December 1954 in Vienna held the follow-up congress for the 10th Liberation Day 1955 in Dachau.

The CID is now headed by the son of the founder, Dietz de Loos, and continues to play an active role in the Bavarian Memorials Foundation , which was founded in 2003 and which also supports the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial , which was built in 1964 after many discussions and against considerable resistance . Ruth Jakusch , who had worked full-time for the CID since April 1963, put together the exhibition according to the concepts of the CID together with a working group of former prisoners and specialist advisors and became the first director of the memorial.

The demand recently made by Peter Dietz de Loos for entry fees to be collected in the memorial, which should also benefit the work of the CID, met with broad rejection.

Dachauer booklets

The Dachauer Hefte have been published since 1985 . They contain studies and documents on the history of the National Socialist concentration camps. The content of the booklet relates to all concentration camps , not just to the concentration camp in Dachau.

  • Issue 1, 1985: The Liberation
  • Issue 2, 1986: slave labor in a concentration camp
  • Volume 3, 1987: Women - Persecution and Resistance
  • Issue 4, 1988: Medicine in the Nazi State
  • Issue 5, 1989: The Forgotten Camps
  • Issue 6, 1990: Remembering or Concealing
  • Issue 7, 1991: Solidarity and Resistance
  • Issue 8, 1992: Survival and Long-Term Effects
  • Issue 9, 1993: The persecution of children and young people
  • Issue 10, 1994: Perpetrators and Victims
  • Issue 11, 1995: Places of Remembrance 1945–1995.
  • Issue 12, 1996: Concentration Camps - Living World and Environment
  • Issue 13, 1997: Judgment and Justice
  • Issue 14, 1998: Persecution as a Group Fate
  • Issue 15, 1999: Subcamp concentration camp - history and memory
  • Issue 16, 2000: Forced Labor
  • Issue 17, 2001: Public and concentration camps - what did the population know
  • Issue 18, 2002: Terror and Art
  • Issue 19, 2003: Between Liberation and Repression
  • Issue 20, 2004: The End of the Concentration Camp
  • Issue 21, 2005: Prisoner Society
  • Issue 22, 2006: Reality - Metaphor - Symbol
  • Issue 23, 2007: Nationalities in the concentration camp
  • Issue 24, 2008: Concentration camps and posterity
  • Issue 25, 2009: Future of Memory

This series was discontinued in 2009 with issue 25. The publisher issues other publications.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Stanislav Zámečník: That was Dachau. Published by Comité International de Dachau, Luxemburg 2002, pp. 396–397, ISBN 2-87996-948-4 ; 2nd edition, Fischer Taschenbuch 17228, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-596-17228-3 .
  2. NO to the entrance fee to the Dachau concentration camp memorial. Archived from the original on February 14, 2009 ; accessed on January 1, 2013 . Declaration by the Association for International Youth Encounters and Memorial Work in Dachau eV
  3. Robert Probst: The seeds have sprouted - after 25 years, the Dachauer Hefte will be discontinued as a periodical - concentration camp research has established itself. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung. November 21, 2009.