Emerich Ambros

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Grave of Emerich Ambros, his wife and two children in the Outer Matthäusfriedhof in Dresden.

Emerich Ambros or Emmerich Ambross (born May 22, 1896 in Budapest , Austria-Hungary ; died September 26, 1933 in the Hohnstein concentration camp ) was a Hungarian-German anti-fascist .


Emerich Ambros was born in Budapest in 1896, the son of a Jewish lawyer. He became a plumber and worked in the Dresden Reichsbahn repair shop in the 1920s , where he later became a works council. He was a member of the SPD and was actively involved in the party. In the late 1920s he was appointed party secretary of the SPD in Löbau . From around 1925 he was a union official in the Union of Railway Workers in Germany . As a functionary of the SPD and an active opponent of the National Socialists, but also as a so-called " half-Jew ", he was arrested after Adolf Hitler's " seizure of power " in 1933 in Löbau and deported to the Hohnstein concentration camp, where he was murdered on September 26, 1933. His wife took her own life with her two children that year.


Memorial plaque for Emerich Ambros at the former RAW Dresden-Friedrichstadt

In 1945 the Weißeritzufer in Dresden was renamed Emerich-Ambros-Ufer in memory of Emerich Ambros . There was a memorial plaque for Emerich Ambros near the Reichsbahnausbesserungswerk (RAW), which was lost during the Weißeritz flood in 2002 . It was only found ten years later when the Weißeritz was being expanded. The memorial plaque on Ambros' former home at Rabenauer Strasse 7 no longer exists. In 2006 a memorial plaque was therefore placed on Emerich-Ambros-Ufer 50. The grave of the Ambros family is on the Outer Matthew Cemetery in Dresden.


  • Herbert Goldhammer and Karin Jeschke (eds.): Dresden memorial sites for the victims of the Nazi regime . ddp goldenbogen, Dresden 2002, ISBN 3-932434-18-8 .
  • Siegfried Mielke , Stefan Heinz : Railway trade unionists in the Nazi state. Persecution - Resistance - Emigration (1933–1945) (= trade unionists under National Socialism. Persecution - Resistance - Emigration. Volume 7). Metropol, Berlin 2017, ISBN 978-3-86331-353-1 , p. 387.
  • Luise Kraushaar : German resistance fighters 1933 to 1945. Berlin 1970. Volume 1, p. 48ff.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Herbert Goldhammer and Karin Jeschke (eds.): Dresden Memorial Sites for the Victims of the Nazi Regime ( Memento of the original from October 22, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.sozialistische-gedenkstaetten.de archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . ddp goldenbogen, Dresden 2002.
  2. Linda Barthel: The puzzle about the bridge board is solved . In: Sächsische Zeitung , March 6, 2013.