Frankfurt Opera and Museum Orchestra
The Frankfurt Opera and Museum Orchestra is the municipal orchestra of Frankfurt am Main . The ensemble owes its name on the one hand to the Frankfurt Opera and on the other hand to the concerts of the Frankfurt Museum Society that have been held since 1808 . The current general music director of the opera and chief conductor of the orchestra is Sebastian Weigle . The orchestra had 113 members in the 2008/2009 season. It is one of currently 82 theater orchestras in Germany and is managed as an A-orchestra with a footnote (here: F1 and media allowance) within the framework of the German tariff system for cultural orchestras.
With a history of over 200 years, the Frankfurt Opera and Museum Orchestra is one of the most traditional ensembles in Germany. Well-known personalities have always been associated with the history of the orchestra. Such was Louis Spohr , the second chief conductor, then initiated among others Gustav Mahler , Richard Strauss , Arthur Nikisch , Hans Pfitzner , Wilhelm Furtwängler , Hans Kempe , Hermann Abendroth , Erich Kleiber , Bruno Walter and George Szell concerts here. Johannes Brahms , Clara Schumann and later Paul Hindemith (who was concertmaster of the orchestra from 1915 to 1923) are among the outstanding soloists who have performed with the Frankfurt Opera and Museum Orchestra.
The exact name of the orchestra changed over time. From the 1925/26 season it was called the Opera House and Museum Orchestra, and from the 1930/31 season it was called the Municipal Orchestra (Opera House and Museum Orchestra) . After the Second World War, the name was initially the municipal opera house and museum orchestra, and from the 1981/82 season the Frankfurt opera house and museum orchestra . From the end of 1995 the orchestra was simply called the Frankfurter Museumsorchester, and from the 2009/10 season the Frankfurt Opera and Museum Orchestra.
The orchestra gives concerts in the subscription series of the Frankfurt Museum Concerts with currently ten programs per season, each of which is performed twice (Sunday morning at 11 a.m. and Monday evening at 8 p.m.). The Museum Society's concerts have been held in the Alte Oper Frankfurt since 1981 .
In addition to the symphony concerts, the orchestra's musicians play their own chamber music series in the wooden foyer of the opera house.
In the survey by the specialist magazine Opernwelt for the 2005/2006 season, the museum orchestra took second, third for 2006/2007 and finally first for the 2010/2011 season in the list of orchestras of the year. In addition, the magazine selected Oper Frankfurt as Opera House of the Year in 2003, 2015 and 2018 .
The Frankfurt Opera was also voted the best opera house in Germany for 2006/2007 in the critics' survey conducted by the magazine Die Deutsche Bühne ; it took the top spot in the Best Overall Performance category . The house received the same award for the following season, 2007/2008. In the 2009/2010 season, the museum orchestra took a shared first place as Orchestra of the Year .
Musical direction (GMDs and chief conductors)
- 1792–1794: Friedrich Ludwig Æmilius Kunzen
- 1794-1800: Carl Cannabich
- 1800–1818: Carl Joseph Schmidt
- 1818–1819: Louis Spohr
- 1819–1821: Heinrich Anton Hoffmann
- 1821–1848: Carl Guhr
- 1848–1851: Louis Schindelmeisser
- 1851–1861: Gustav Schmidt
- 1848–1860: Franz Messer (only: museum concerts)
- 1860–1891: Carl Müller (only: museum concerts)
- 1861–1880: Georg Goltermann
- 1880–1892: Felix Otto Dessoff
- 1891–1903: Gustav Kogel (only: museum concerts)
- 1893–1924: Ludwig Rottenberg
- 1903–1906: Siegmund von Hausegger (only: museum concerts)
- 1907–1920: Willem Mengelberg (only: museum concerts)
- 1922–1924: Hermann Scherchen (only: museum concerts)
- 1924–1929: Clemens Krauss (GMD)
- 1929–1933: Hans Wilhelm Steinberg
- 1933–1934: Bertil Wetzelsberger
- 1935–1936: Karl Maria Zwißler
- 1937–1938: Georg Ludwig Jochum
- 1938–1944: Franz Konwitschny (GMD)
- 1945–1951: Bruno Vondenhoff (GMD)
- 1952–1961: Georg Solti (GMD)
- 1961–1966: Lovro von Matačić (GMD)
- 1966–1968: Theodore Bloomfield (GMD)
- 1968–1977: Christoph von Dohnányi (GMD)
- 1977–1987: Michael Gielen (GMD)
- 1987–1991: Gary Bertini (GMD)
- 1991–1992: Hans Drewanz
- 1992–1997: Sylvain Cambreling (GMD)
- 1997–1999: Klauspeter Seibel (provisional)
- 1999-2008: Paolo Carignani (GMD)
- since 2008: Sebastian Weigle (GMD)
- Paul Bartholomäi: The Frankfurt Museum Orchestra. Two centuries of music for Frankfurt. Edition Peters, Frankfurt am Main et al. 2002, ISBN 3-87626-224-0 .
- Hilmar Hoffmann : Frankfurt's star conductors. Memories. Societäts-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2008, ISBN 978-3-7973-1069-9 .
- The Opera and Museum Orchestra on the Frankfurt Opera website
- The opera and museum orchestra on the website of the Museumsgesellschaft eV
- Frankfurter Museums-Gesellschaft eV: Program archive ( Memento from October 2, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Süddeutsche Zeitung: Oper Frankfurt again voted "Opera House of the Year". Retrieved September 9, 2019 .