Wilhelm Brese

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Brese on the district election in 1952

Wilhelm Brese (born December 28, 1896 in Scharnhorst ; † March 9, 1994 in Celle ) was a German politician ( DNVP , CNBL , CDU ).

Life and work

Brese, who was of Protestant faith, attended the teachers' college in Uelzen after primary school . He interrupted his training to serve in the Hanoverian Fusilier Regiment No. 73 ( Gibraltar Fusiliers ) during the First World War . This regiment included u. a. the writers Hermann Löns and Ernst Jünger . Due to a hand injury, Brese was only used in staff duty. In 1918 he finished his professional training, entered the school service and became a primary school teacher, first in his home town of Scharnhorst, later in Marwede . In 1923 he left school to run the farm his wife had inherited. He was also the chairman of the savings and loan association Eschede . He also chaired the church council in Eschede.

Political party

Brese farm in Marwede

Brese joined the German National People's Party in 1924. In 1928 he resigned in protest against the dominance of the East Elbe large agrarians and took part in the founding of the Christian National Peasant and Rural People's Party, of which he was chairman for the Hanover-East district until its dissolution in 1933. In 1937 Wilhelm Brese became a member of the NSDAP ( membership number 5,313,731).

In 1945 Brese took part in the founding of the CDU in the district of Celle , where from 1946 to 1966 he was also district chairman and temporarily district chairman in the Lüneburg district association .


Before 1933 Brese was a member of the district council in the district of Celle .

In 1948/49 Brese was a member of the Economic Council . He was a member of the German Bundestag from 1949 to 1969. In the first three federal elections, he entered parliament via the CDU Lower Saxony state list . In 1961 and 1965 he won the direct mandate in the constituency of Celle . He attracted attention in the Bundestag because he always advocated solid budget management and campaigned against national debt and the inflation of public administration, which earned him the nickname Spar-Willy .

In addition, he always rejected all initiatives to improve the work situation of the MPs (from employee positions to the creation of a library to the construction of the Langer Eugen parliament building ) with the argument that an improvement of the structures in Bonn would lead to the MPs establishing themselves at home there forget that Berlin is actually the capital.

He became known throughout the Federal Republic through a surprise parliamentary success: In the third reading of one of the budget laws to be passed annually by the Bundestag, he applied as an individual member not to fill every fourth civil servant or salaried post that became vacant in 1955, in order to find the way to the To curb debt state. This was passed with a random majority law, but not adopted again in 1956. In parts of the CDU, he made himself extremely unpopular. ( See Brese 1976: 98 f. )

left Wilhelm Brese behind his wife Martha, right. Konrad Adenauer and Ludwig Erhard

Public offices

From 1928 to 1933 and from 1945 to 1973 Brese was mayor of Marwede and temporarily chairman of the rural community assembly in the district of Celle and a member of the regional board of the rural community assembly of Hanover.

After 1945, as mayor, he vigorously advocated the integration of the refugees and ensured that Marwede retained the overall structural appearance of a traditional heath village.


  • Experiences and insights of long-time member of the Bundestag Wilhelm Brese from the imperial era to today , Marwede, 1976.
  • Marwede - a pearl of the southern heath
  • History of the CDU in the city and district of Celle


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Helmut Violence: Members of the Bundestag / I.-X. Legislative period: Former NSDAP and / or branch memberships. (PDF) Willi-Bredel -Gesellschaft Geschichtswerkstatt eV, October 20, 2005, p. 2 , accessed on January 20, 2020 .