Félix Tisserand

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Portrait of Félix Tisserand

François Félix Tisserand (born January 13, 1845 in Nuits-Saint-Georges , † October 20, 1896 in Paris ) was a French astronomer .

Tisserand studied mathematics and physics at the École normal supérieure . He was employed as an adjunct at the Paris observatory in 1866 and came to Toulouse in 1873 as director of the observatory , where he also became a professor. In 1878 he was appointed a member of the Paris Academy of Sciences ( Académie des sciences ). In 1883 he succeeded Victor Puiseux on the chair of celestial mechanics at the Sorbonne in Paris. In 1884 he was elected a corresponding member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences . In 1892 he took over the management of the Paris observatory . There he led, among other things, the Carte du Ciel project in the course of which the entire sky should be mapped photographically . At the same time he initiated a photo atlas of the moon, the Atlas photographique de la lune . This was only replaced as an astronomical reference work in the course of the moon landings.

In 1893 Tisserand was elected to the National Academy of Sciences . From 1893 to 1895 he was president of the Société astronomique de France .


In recognition of this, the lunar crater Tisserand and the asteroid (3663) Tisserand were named after him. Shortly before his death, he developed a criterion for checking cometary orbits, the Tisserand criterion . In his honor, a memorial was unveiled in his birthplace in 1899.


  • Traité de mécanique céleste , 4 volumes, 1860
  • Thèses présentées à la Faculté des sciences de Paris , 1868
  • Sur l'étoile double 70 p Ophiuchus , 1876
  • Recueil complémentaire d'exercices sur le calcul infinitésimal , 1877
  • Mémoire sur les déplacements séculaires du plan de l'orbite du huitième satellite de Saturne , 1877
  • Discours prononcé au nom de l'Observatoire national de Paris , 1883
  • Leçons de cosmographie , with Henri Andoyer , 1895


  • William I. McLaughlin, Sylvia L. Miller: In the Shadows of Giants. In: Spectrum of Science. 8, 2005, ISSN  0170-2971 , pp. 86-91 (article on the life and work of the astronomer).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 241.