Johann Anton Wilhelm von Carstenn

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The JAW grave of honor in Carstenn-Lichterfelde
Lichterfelde manor, the so-called Carstenn-Schlösschen
Villa on the corner of Kadettenweg and Ringstraße in Lichterfelde-West
Curtius- / Baseler Straße: House of Paul Emisch (1873–1956) at the train station in Lichterfelde-West

Johann Anton Wilhelm von Carstenn-Lichterfelde (*  December 12, 1822 in Neverstaven , Holstein , as Johann Anton Wilhelm Carstenn; †  December 19, 1896 in Schöneberg ) was a German businessman , entrepreneur and urban developer .

Life

Johann Anton Wilhelm Carstenn was born as the son of Johann Wilhelm Carstenn, a landlord, and Maria Magdalena, geb. Tieden, born. Around 1853 he married Emilie Freydag, who was born on July 20, 1819 (d. 1865). In 1854 his first daughter Marie was born. With his second wife Molly Sophia Charlotte, geb. von Buchwaldt, who married Carstenn around 1871, he had six other children (1872 Luise, 1874 Carl, 1875 Elisabeth, 1877 Leo, 1878 Molly and 1880 Carola).

In 1854, together with JD Koopmann , he acquired the count's share of the aristocratic estate Wandsbek near Hamburg for 230,000 Reichstaler from Count Ernst von Schimmelmann zu Ahrensburg. He converted this area into a villa colony , which was named after his daughter in Marienthal in 1861 . In 1855 he acquired the Meierhof Neverstaven, his birthplace, which had been separated from the noble estate Tralau , but sold it again after just one year.

In the middle of the 19th century he brought the idea of ​​a villa colony from England to Berlin . For necessary expansions of the expanding imperial capital, he suggested a continuous urban landscape in the southwest along the railway lines between Berlin and Potsdam , which should consist of individual residential areas embedded in the green and water areas of the Grunewald . In 1865, Carstenn acquired the Lichterfelde and Giesensdorf estates near Berlin with the profits from Wandsbek, and in 1868 the Deutsch-Wilmersdorf manor , consisting of the Wilmersdorfer Oberfeld (later Friedenau ) and part of the Hopfenbruch area belonging to the manor in the north of the Feldmark between today's Lietzenburger Straße and Güntzelstraße in order to found extensive villa colonies there. For the last two villa locations he developed and realized the Carstenn figure named after him , a regular arrangement of streets and squares in the form of an urban figure.

In 1871 he donated around 20 hectares of land to the Prussian military  treasury in the villa colony of Lichterfelde-West , which he developed at great expense, for the construction of the Prussian main cadet institute , which had to be relocated from Berlin to the surrounding area due to lack of space. Carstenn hoped this would further increase the attractiveness of his villa colonies in the southwest of Berlin. Lichterfelde-West in particular subsequently developed into a preferred place of residence for officers from the Prussian nobility . On the occasion of the laying of the foundation stone of the main cadet institute, Carstenn was awarded the title of nobility “von Carstenn-Lichterfelde” by Kaiser Wilhelm I.

Due to the extensive financial obligations to the Prussian state that Carstenn had to enter into in connection with the construction and donation of the cadet institute, and the stock market crash of 1873, the entrepreneur got into financial difficulties despite the success of his villa colonies. Carstenn was forced to sell the plots in Halensee, Lichterfelde and Wilmersdorf, which had already been parceled out, with great financial losses. From 1887 he received an annual pension of 43,000  marks (adjusted for purchasing power in today's currency: around 311,000 euros), together with a one-off additional payment of 180,000 marks as compensation for his financial ruin. Payments ceased after his death. Carstenn died in 1896 in the Maison de Santé , a renowned institution for the nervous and mentally ill in what is now the Schöneberg district ( Hauptstrasse 16) , an institution that was renowned for its modern treatment methods at the time .

While the original development of the settlements in Friedenau and Wilmersdorf largely fell victim to later rental development, the colony of Lichterfelde-West, considered exemplary, has largely been preserved to this day and can be visited. His former manor house at the Schlosspark Lichterfelde (Hindenburgdamm 28) is called Carstenn-Schlösschen and is used for cultural purposes.

Awards

Berlin memorial plaque on Hindenburgdamm 28 in Berlin-Steglitz
  • In 1873 he was raised to the nobility.
  • From 1872 to 1874, Charlottenburger Strasse in the “founding quarter” of Berlin-Weißensee bore his name.
  • He received a grave of honor from the city of Berlin in the old village cemetery of the Evangelical Paulus parish of Lichterfelde (Hindenburgdamm 101) near his former manor house.
  • In Lichterfelde the Carstennstrasse (1899) and the Carstenn elementary school ( Steglitz district , until 1983) were named after him. In 1989 he also received a Berlin plaque on his former manor house (Hindenburgdamm 28).

literature

  • Rolf Lieberknecht, Karl-Heinz Metzger a. a .: From the Wilhelmsaue to the Carstenn figure . 120 years of urban development in Wilmersdorf . District Office Wilmersdorf of Berlin, Berlin 1987
  • Hermann Ebling, Evelyn Weissberg: Friedenau tells: Stories from a Berlin suburb - 1871 to 1914 , edition Friedenauer Brücke, Berlin 2007. ISBN 978-3-9811242-1-7
  • Hans Walden: Carstenn, Wilhelm . In: Franklin Kopitzsch, Dirk Brietzke (Hrsg.): Hamburgische Biographie . tape 3 . Wallstein, Göttingen 2006, ISBN 3-8353-0081-4 , p. 73-74 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Die Figur Carstenn , p. 12/13, publisher: Bezirksamt Steglitz, 2nd edition 1997
  2. ^ Carstennstrasse (Weissensee) . In: Street name lexicon of the Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein
  3. ^ Carstennstrasse (Lichterfelde) . In: Street name lexicon of the Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein (near  Kaupert )