Werner Richard Heymann
Werner Richard Heymann (born February 14, 1896 in Königsberg ; † May 30, 1961 in Munich ) was a German composer and conductor . He is considered one of the most important music creators of the Weimar Republic .
Max Brode , the director of the Königsberg Philharmonic , gave him his first music lessons . Heymann already appeared in this orchestra as a violinist at the age of 12. In 1912 he moved to Berlin with his parents . There he attended the Royal College of Music; his teacher was Paul Juon . After the beginning of the First World War , he became a soldier for a short time - until he was released due to illness.
After a short stay in Vienna , he began to work as a composer with various Berlin cabarets. a. with the cabaret "Schall und Rauch", whose director at the time was Max Reinhardt . Heymann took over the management of the cabaret. In the mid-1920s , through the mediation of Erich Pommer, he took up the position of assistant to the general music director of the UFA . A short time later, in 1926, he was promoted to general music director himself. His area of responsibility in this position included the compositions and arrangements of silent films . The replacement of the silent film by the sound film was very helpful to Heymann in view of his musical background and laid the foundation for his later works, with which he was to gain international recognition.
In 1933 he was fired from the UFA because of his Jewish descent. He emigrated - first to Paris , then tried to find a new home and place of work in Hollywood , but this failed. He therefore returned to Paris and later went to London . At the end of the 1930s he went to the USA again. This time he managed to gain a foothold there. In Hollywood he composed numerous film scores, including a. for the Ernst Lubitsch films Ninotschka with Greta Garbo and To Be or Not to Be . He has been nominated for an Oscar several times , including a. for the soundtrack for the film Bluebeard's eighth wife , which was made in cooperation with Friedrich Hollaender .
In 1951 he returned to Germany, where he continued to devote himself to composing and in 1957, after a culture test, regained German citizenship. His fourth marriage was the actress Elisabeth Millberg, with whom he had a daughter, Elisabeth Charlotte Trautwein-Heymann (born November 3, 1952). Heymann died in Munich in 1961. He is buried in the Munich forest cemetery (new part).
His compositional works are very extensive and varied. They include operettas , stage works, film scores , cabaret music , hits , chansons and comedies . He also set texts by Robert Gilbert , Walter Mehring , Kurt Tucholsky , Leo Heller and many others to music. His film scores achieved the greatest popularity; as interpreters u. a. Lilian Harvey , Willy Fritsch , Heinz Rühmann , Paul Hörbiger , Hans Albers and the Comedian Harmonists appear.
The filmmaker Helma Sanders-Brahms portrayed him, his work and the period of his greatest successes in 2012 in her last film work, the documentary So Wie ein Wunder - Das singende Kino des Herr Heymann .
His older brother was the legal trainee and writer Walter Heymann (1882–1915).
- Florestan I. Prince de Monaco
- Trente et Quarante
- The transformation
- The Samuels program
- Professor rubbish
- Rhapsodic Symphony
- 1926: The Schellenberg brothers
- 1926: In the white Rößl
- 1926: Faust - a German folk tale
- 1927: The last waltz
- 1927: The big leap
- 1927: The holy lie
- 1929: Melody of the Heart
- 1930: Love Waltz
- 1930: You are the cutest girl in the world
- 1930: The three from the gas station
- 1931: Her Highness commands
- Don't ask how
- You secretly brought love into my house
- 1931: Congress dances
- That must be a piece of heaven (based on a melody from the waltz Mein Lebenslauf ist Lieb und Lust by Josef Strauss )
- It only happens once, it won't come back
- Life is good
- 1931: Bombs on Monte Carlo
- When the wind blows
- That is the love of sailors
- One night in Monte Carlo
- The Ki Ka Queen of Pontenero
- 1932: the winner
- Oops now i come
- There is no other way to bliss
- 1932: Quick
- Madam, come and play with me
- 1932: a blonde dream
- Somewhere in the world
- We no longer pay rent
- Everyone can do it once
- To understand everything is to forgive everything
- 1932: I by day and you by night
- When I go to my cinema on Sundays
- If you do not come
- Nobody can do us
- 1933: Season in Cairo
- Season in Cairo
- I feel like I don't know how
- 1934: Caravan
- Ha Cha Cha
- Wine song
- 1937: Stolen Holiday
- 1938: Bluebeard's Eighth Wife ( Bluebeard's Eighth Wife )
- 1939: Ninotschka ( Ninotschka )
- 1939: Rendezvous after closing time ( The Shop Around the Corner )
- 1941: Marriage Comedy ( That Uncertain Feeling )
- 1941: Topper 2 - The Haunted Castle (Topper Returns)
- 1942: To be or not ( To Be Or Not to Be )
- 1944: Knickerbocker Holiday
- 1944: Three Is a Family
- 1944: Model Against Will ( Together Again )
- 1945: The Thief and the Blonde ( Hold That Blonde )
- 1945: It's in the bag!
- 1946: Crazy Wednesday ( Mad Wednesday! )
- 1951: Through thick and thin
- 1951: Heidelberg romance
- 1951: Down on the Neckar beach
- 1951: sleep well, dream sweetly
- 1952: Mandrake
- 1952: I like myself today
- 1954: A house full of love
- 1954: Beloved Miss Doctor
- 1955: Congress dances
- 1955: The three from the gas station
In 1957, six years after his return, Heymann applied to regain German citizenship. At the naturalization authority in Bavaria , he was then asked, among other things, whether he had knowledge of German culture and, for example, could sing a German folk song. Thereupon he is said to have only agreed once , without saying a word about his authorship. Heymann received German citizenship.
- Werner Röder; Herbert A. Strauss (Ed.): International Biographical Dictionary of Central European Emigrés 1933–1945 . Volume 2.1. Saur, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-598-10089-2 , p. 507.
- Hubert Ortkemper (Ed.): Werner Richard Heymann: "Darling, my heart sends my regards" . The most successful composer of the UFA era remembers. Schott Music , Mainz 2011, ISBN 978-3-7957-0751-4 (autobiography).
- Wolfgang Trautwein ; Centrum Judaicum (ed.): Werner Richard Heymann: Berlin, Hollywood and no turning back . Hentrich & Hentrich, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-942271-37-0 (= Jewish miniatures. Volume 113).
- Kay Less : 'In life, more is taken from you than given ...'. Lexicon of filmmakers who emigrated from Germany and Austria between 1933 and 1945. A general overview. ACABUS-Verlag, Hamburg 2011, ISBN 978-3-86282-049-8 , p. 240 ff.
- Works by and about Werner Richard Heymann in the catalog of the German National Library
- Werner Richard Heymann in the Lexicon of Persecuted Musicians from the Nazi Era (LexM)
- Werner Richard Heymann in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Homepage of Werner Richard Heymann
- Werner-Richard-Heymann-Archiv in the archive of the Academy of Arts, Berlin
- Werner Richard Heymann at filmportal.de
- Werner Richard Heymann at Discogs (English)
- Among other things, he was supposed to a German folk song. He agreed to his hit “That's only once” - without naming himself a composer - and was then naturalized. See slapstick on keys: Werner Richard Heymann revised Der Tagesspiegel July 18, 2013.
- Program information on arte.tv ( memento from February 14, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) from May 24, 2012, accessed on February 14, 2015.
|SURNAME||Heymann, Werner Richard|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German composer and conductor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 14, 1896|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Koenigsberg|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 30, 1961|
|Place of death||Munich|