Salier (ship)

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StateLibQld 1 169827 Salier (ship) .jpg
Ship data
flag German EmpireThe German Imperium German Empire
Ship type Passenger ship
home port Hamburg
Shipping company North German Lloyd
Shipyard Earle's Shipbuilding and Engineering Company , Kingston upon Hull
Build number 185
Launch June 15, 1874
takeover July 14, 1874
Commissioning September 8, 1875
Whereabouts Sunk December 8, 1896
Ship dimensions and crew
107.6 m ( Lüa )
width 12.06 m
Draft Max. 9.93 m
measurement 3,083 GRT
(from 1891: 3,218 GRT)
Machine system
machine Compound steam engine
from 1891: triple expansion steam engine
2,000 PSi
(from 1891: 2,200 PSi)
13 kn (24 km / h)
propeller 1
Transport capacities
Permitted number of passengers I. class: 61
II. Class: 30
III. Class: 644

The Salier was a passenger ship of the North German Lloyd put into service in 1875 , which operated as an ocean liner on the Atlantic Ocean and alternately carried passengers , freight and mail from Bremen to South America and New York . She opened the imperial post steamer service to Australia in 1886. On December 8, 1896, the Salier hit a reef in a storm on the way from Bremen to La Plata in the Bay of Arosa, four miles north of the town of Villagarcía de Arosa (northern Spain) and sank. All 279 people on board were killed.

The ship

The iron steamship Salier was built in 1875 at Earle's Shipbuilding and Engineering Company in the northern English city of Kingston upon Hull . The ship had a straight bow , a single funnel and two masts . It was launched on June 15, 1874, but the test drives did not take place until July 15, 1875. On September 8, 1875, the Salier left Bremen on her maiden voyage to New York. She was the penultimate ship of the thirteen steamers' Strasbourg class .

The ship was initially used to transport passengers and freight on the Bremen – Southampton – New York route, but from April 1, 1876, after only three trips to New York, it operated the Bremen – South America service. The last trip to South America took place on February 10, 1880. Then the Salier headed for New York again.

After renovation on July 14, 1886, first Reichspostdampfer of the NDL to Australia. Her sister ships, the Hohenzollern , Habsburg and Hohenstaufen , were made available for the Australian service, and the similar Oder , Neckar , Nuremberg and Braunschweig for the service to East Asia ; Reserve ship was the similar General Werder . In 1890/91 a new triple expansion steam engine was installed in the Salier at AG Vulcan Stettin and the passenger facilities were changed. From December 1894 the Salier was back in the North Atlantic service and from December 10, 1895 the ship went back to South America.

The passenger accommodation could accommodate 142 travelers first class and 800 steerage passengers . The number of cabins in the first class was already reduced in the South American service in order to be able to take more cargo. During the renovation in 1890/91, the passenger facilities for the mail steamer service were changed. 63 first class passengers and 30 second class passengers as well as up to 644 in the intermediate deck could now be transported.


During a crossing from Bremen to La Plata in Argentina , the Salier made a stopover on Monday, December 7th, 1896 in the northern Spanish port city of La Coruña . When the ship started its onward journey across the Atlantic in the afternoon under the command of Captain Wempe with 279 passengers and crew on board, the weather was very bad.

On the morning of December 8th, the steamer rammed the As Basoñas reef in Porto do Son in heavy seas in the bay of Arousa, north of the Cabo Corrubedo promontory, and sank (position 42 ° 34 ′ 41.5 ″  N , 9 ° 8 ′ 37.5 ″  W ). There were no survivors. The accident occurred four miles from the Spanish city of Vilagarcía de Arousa. Since much of the debris washed ashore, it was believed that the ship had broken apart on the rocks. First newspaper reports reported that the Salier had only a few people on board and that these were exclusively crew members. Only later did the full extent of the accident become known. Since there were no survivors, no details were leaked to the public.


  • Michael J. Anuta: Ships of Our Ancestors . Menominee (Michigan), 1983
  • Noel RP Bonsor: North Atlantic Seaway: An Illustrated History of the Passenger Services Linking the Old World with the New . T. Stephenson & Sons, Prescott (Lancashire) 1955
  • Noel RP Bonsor: South Atlantic Seaway: An Illustrated History of the Passenger Lines and Liners from Europe to Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina . Brookside Publications, Jersey 1983
  • Arnold Kludas : The ships of the North German Lloyd 1857 to 1919 . Koehler, 1991, ISBN 3-7822-0524-3 .
  • Arnold Kludas: The History of German Passenger Shipping 1850 to 1990 . Ernst Kabel, 1986.
  • Christine Reinke-Kunze: History of the Reichspostdampfer. Connection between the continents 1886–1914 . Koehler, 1994, ISBN 3-7822-0618-5

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