The home port (formerly also: Registerhafen ; English home port or port of registry ) of a ship is the place where the ship is registered in a ship registry kept there . In Germany, barges are referred to as home .
A ship does not necessarily have to call at this port at some point. Ships flying the flag of a landlocked country are often not able to do this at all. Also by flagging out there are ships that have never been seen in their home port. However, fishing vessels must have a reference to their home port in their fishing license plates.
- Freight and cruise ships from German shipping companies rarely fly under the German flag. The shipowners justify this with high costs. Registration abroad offers tax and labor law advantages for companies. A disadvantage, however, is the poorer protection against pirate attacks , as the German government could help ships flying the German flag much better in such situations.
- Many shipowners use offshore constructs for flagging out . For example, when flagging out to Panama, letterbox companies are set up there . The ship then receives the new flag of the state in which the new home port is located, for example the Panama flag .
- All ocean-going ships , ocean- going yachts and Rhine ships registered in Switzerland are registered in Basel , which is the home port. The Swiss Maritime Shipping Office is based there. The courts of Basel are responsible for civil and criminal matters on board Swiss ships on the high seas.
- Warships are stationed in their home port, regardless of their subordination or affiliation to an association.
- For example, the training ship of the German Navy Gorch Fock is as a warship in the list of warships of the Bundeswehr ( MDV entered 180/1) and the subordinate Marine Mürwik in Flensburg . Home port (= military location ) is the Schleswig-Holstein state capital Kiel .
- K. Schwitalla, U. Scharnow: Lexicon of seafaring , various volumes, transpress VEB Verlag für Verkehrwesen Berlin, ISBN 3-344-00190-6 .
- Dampskibsselskabet Norden A / S Nord Independence ( Memento from October 17, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) , accessed on October 17, 2016.
- See eLexicon. Register port , accessed on October 17, 2016.
- Duden, Heimathafen , accessed on October 17, 2016. Ship Register Regulations accordingly:
- Ship Register Regulations.
- Hermannus Pfeiffer: German ships rarely sail under the German flag. In: Badische Zeitung. February 7, 2011, accessed September 27, 2018 .
- Cruises: Cheap under a foreign flag. In: The time. February 7, 2011, accessed August 17, 2016 .
- Stefan Schultz: Mailbox companies of shipping companies - Under a foreign flag. In: Spiegel Online. April 7, 2016. Retrieved October 17, 2016 .
- . Retrieved October 17, 2016.