Johann Gustav Stickel

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Johann Gustav Stickel

Johann Gustav Stickel (born July 18, 1805 in Eisenach , † January 21, 1896 in Jena ) was a German Protestant theologian , orientalist and numismatist .


Johann Gustav was the son of the later inspector and accounting officer of the Weimar prison, Johann August Stickel. He grew up in Buttstädt from the age of four and later in Weimar . After sufficient preparation, he attended grammar school in Weimar, where he won several prizes and developed a special fondness for oriental languages. In order to study theology and philology, he moved to Jena University in 1823 , where Johann Gottfried Ludwig Kosegarten and Andreas Gottlieb Hoffmann were his most influential teachers. In addition, he had completed other lectures with Heinrich August Schott , Johann Traugott Leberecht Danz , Ludwig Friedrich Otto Baumgarten-Crusius , Heinrich Karl Eichstädt , Ferdinand Gotthelf Hand and Karl Wilhelm Göttling . In 1826 he passed his theological candidate exam, became a doctor of philosophy in 1827 and earned a bachelor's degree in theology in the same year .

On November 13, 1827, he completed his habilitation in Jena. Through contact with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , he developed a fondness for numismatics and in 1829 received a scholarship of 300 Reichstalers from the Weimar government for a study trip. This led him to Paris, where he met Antoine-Isaac Silvestre de Sacy and other important representatives of the oriental languages. When he returned to Jena in 1830, he became an associate professor of theology and received his doctorate in theology on July 4, 1832. On April 11, 1836, he became a full honorary professor of theology for oriental languages ​​in Jena and on September 27, 1839 he became a full honorary professor of oriental languages ​​and literature at the philosophical faculty. In 1848 he became a full professor of oriental languages ​​in the philosophy faculty. From the winter semester of 1843/44 he was director of the oriental private seminar and in 1840 of the grand ducal oriental coin cabinet , which he enriched with 20,000 coins.

In 1876 he was a deputy at the International Congress of Orientalists in St. Petersburg. He also participated in the organizational tasks of the University of Jena. He was dean of the philosophical faculty several times and in the summer semesters 1854 and 1863 rector of the alma mater . Stickel had received several honors in the course of his life. In 1845 he became a founding member and in 1892 an honorary member of the German Oriental Society in Leipzig , in 1846 a member of the Numismatic Society in Berlin , in 1873 an honorary member of the Vienna Numismatic Society, 1878 an honorary member of the Numismatic Society in London and in 1896 an honorary member of the Royal Academy of Charitable Sciences in Erfurt . In addition, he was appointed Knight of the Order of the White Falcon in 1858 and Privy Councilor in 1892.

Medal Johann Gustav Stickel 1889

In 1889 a medal was dedicated to Stickel, which was commissioned by the Jena Grand Duke Karl Alexander . It honors Stickel for his 50 years of scientific activity as an orientalist and for his role as curator of the oriental numismatic collection .

Fonts (selection)

  • Biga commentationum de morali primaevorum Christianorum conditione secundum sacros, novi Testamenti Libros. Neustadt an der Orla, 1826 ( online )
  • Prolusio ad interpretationem tert. capit. Habacuci. Part. I. Neustadt an der Orla, 1827 ( online )
  • Commentatio philologico-historico-critica in Jobi Locum Celeberrimum Cap. XIX. 25-27 de Goële. Jena 1832 ( online )
  • Sententiae Ali b. Ali-Taleb, arab. et persice. ed. Jena 1832 ( online )
  • The book of Job, structured rhythmically and translated. Leipzig 1842 ( online )
  • Handbook for oriental coinage. Leipzig 1845 ( online ) and 1870 ( online ), 2nd vol.
  • The Grand Ducal Oriental Coin Cabinet in Jena. Leipzig 1845 ( online )
  • De gemma Abraxea nondum edita Commentat. Jena 1848 ( online )
  • De Dianae Persicae Monumento Graechwyliano. Jena 1856 ( online )
  • Etruscan proved to be a Semitic language by explaining inscriptions and names. Leipzig 1858 ( online )
  • Commentatio De ephesiis Litteris Linguae Semitarum Vindicandis. Jena 1860 ( online )
  • The Song of Songs in its unity and dramatic structure with translation. Leipzig 1887, Berlin 1888
  • De carminibus heroicis graecorum comicis. De margita Homerico. 1887


  • Heinrich Döring : Jena University Almanac 1845. Jena 1845, p. 166 ( online )
  • Yearbooks of the Royal Academy of Non-Profit Science in Erfurt. Carl Villaret, Erfurt, 1896, new issue issue 22, p. 254
  • Paul Holzhausen: From Napoleon to today, a professorial life. Using a sketch by Privy Councilor Professor Dr. Stickel. In: Richard Fleischer: German review about the entire national life of the present. Deutsche Verlagsanstalt, Stuttgart-Leipzig-Berlin-Vienna, 1895, 20 vol., 1st vol., 1895, p. 233
  • Heinrich Usefulel : Johann Gustav Stickel. In: Numismatic Journal. 1896, Vol. 27, p. 213
  • Carl Gustav Adolf Siegfried:  Stickel, Johann Gustav . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 54, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1908, pp. 519-522.

Web links

Commons : Johann Gustav Stickel  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Stefan Krmnicek, Marius Gaidys: Taught images. Classical scholars on 19th century medals. Accompanying volume to the online exhibition in the Digital Coin Cabinet of the Institute for Classical Archeology at the University of Tübingen (= From Croesus to King Wilhelm. New Series, Volume 3). University Library Tübingen, Tübingen 2020, p. 40 f. ( online ).