Friedrich Friese III
Friedrich Ludwig Theodor Friese , called (Friedrich) Friese III (born April 18, 1827 in Schwerin ; † January 13, 1896 ibid), was a German organ builder . Through his work, the Friese organ building workshop became the most important in Mecklenburg in the second half of the 19th century.
Friedrich Friese was born in Schwerin in 1827 as the son of the organist and organ builder Friedrich Friese (II) . After his organ builder apprenticeship in his father's workshop, begun in 1843, he went on a journey: from 1850 he worked for the Berlin organ builder Carl August Buchholz for almost two years and then until 1854 with Aristide Cavaillé-Coll in Paris. After his return in 1854, he took over his father's business in 1856. In the same year he married Maria Müller (1836–1880). From this first marriage 3 children were born, u. a. his son Heinrich Friese (1860–1948), who did an organ builder apprenticeship, but later, after studying zoology, became known as a biologist and bee researcher. Through his experiences before taking over the workshop in Kirchenstr. 1, Friedrich Friese III gave the Mecklenburg organ building new impetus. On the occasion of the restoration of the organ in the Ludwigslust city church, Friedrich Drese wrote : “Friese III belongs to a new generation of organs that create the instruments for romantic compositions. The sound of the organs is powerful, of course, with a fundamental tone and the large number of wooden pipes gives them softness, even something soft and blurred. The construction of the trumpet in the style of Andreas Silbermann is interesting . "
Like his father, Friedrich Friese III also had the grand ducal organ building privilege. In this way he was sure of the public orders of the patronage authorities. Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II. , Who particularly encouraged church building with new or restored organs, appointed Friedrich Friese III in 1873 for his services as court organ builder. In one point he remained conservative: He did not build organs with a pneumatic action , as was common practice towards the end of the 19th century, but instead kept the construction with a mechanical action.
In 1883 Friedrich Friese III married Bertha Conradi (1850-1897), the daughter of the then Schwerin Paulskirche organist Wilhelm Conradi , they had two children. He died on January 13, 1896 in Schwerin. The organ building workshop Friese in Schwerin was taken over by the organ builder Marcus Runge in 1896 .
List of works (selection)
Friedrich Friese III built 109 organs, 71 of which are completely or almost unchanged or have been restored to their original condition to this day. This list includes selected new organs from the workshop, as well as some organs that were destroyed or replaced by new organs from other organ builders.
The size of the instruments is indicated in the fifth column by the number of manuals and the number of sounding registers in the sixth column. A capital “P” stands for an independent pedal, a lowercase “p” for an attached pedal. Italicization indicates that the organ in question is no longer available or that only the brochure is from the workshop.
|1850||Dambeck||Dambeck village church||I / P||5||Contract still with Friese II, 1965 Repair W. Nußbücker, Plau a. See and 2009 restoration by A. Arnold, Plau am See → Organ|
|1858||Schwerin||Shelf Church (St. Nikolai)||II / P||18th||Reconstructed by Christian Scheffler (organ builder)|
|1859||Dassow||Nikolaikirche||II / P||14th||→ organ|
|1861||Rüting||Diedrichshagen village church||I / P||8th|
|1862||Benthen||Benthen village church||I.||5||Destroyed in 1974 when the roof structure in the nave collapsed|
|1863||Neubukow||City Church Neubukow||II / P||15th|
|1864||New monastery||Monastery church St. Maria im Sonnekamp|
|1865||Börzow||Borzow village church||I / P||9|
|1865||Beidendorf||Beidendorf village church||II / P||15th||→ organ|
|1867||Elmenhorst||Elmenhorst village church||I / P||5||built in by Schwerin Cathedral in 1872|
|1868||Neuburg||Village church Neuburg||I / P||11|
|1868||Passow (Mecklenburg)||Passow village church||I / p||6th||2001 restoration by Schuke (Potsdam); contains the only preserved tin prospectus pipes from the workshop of Friese (III)|
|1869||Rye peat||Roggenstorf village church||I / P||6th||1968 Change of disposition W. Nussbücker, Plau a. lake|
|1869||Schwerin||Paulskirche||II / P||31||1999–2002 restoration by the Wegscheider organ workshop|
|1869||Rövershagen||Village church||II / P||7th||→ organ|
|1871||Bülow||Bülow village church||I.||4th||→ organ|
|1871||Parchim||St. Georgen||II / P||25th|
|1871||Under Brüz||Village church Unter Brüz||I / P||5||2011 restoration by Gottfried Schmidt (Rostock)|
|1872||Bibow||Bibow village church||I / P||6th|
|1872||Grevesmühlen||City Church of St. Nikolai||II / P||20th|
|1873||Malchow||Town church; Plate|
|1873||Ribnitz||Only the console is preserved, it is located in the Mecklenburg Organ Museum in Malchow|
|1874||Cupentess||Village church||I / p||6th||1999 general repairs by A. Arnold, Plau a. lake|
|1875||Bristow||Bristow village church||I / p||5||2005 and 2014 reconstruction by A. Arnold, Plau a. lake|
|1876||Blucher||Village church||II / P||11|
|1876||Goldberg||City church Goldberg||II / P||11||→ organ|
|1876||Ludwigslust||City Church||III / P||30th||2003 Disposition revised by the Mitteldeutsche Orgelbau A. Voigt.|
|1877||Bützow||Collegiate church||II / P||28||Restored in 1999 by Wegschneider's organ workshop.|
|1878||Malchin||City Church (St. Johannis)||II / P||28||Restored in 2004 by Wegschneider's organ workshop.|
|1878||Was in||Collegiate church||II / P||16||1998 Repair by W. Nussbücker, Plau a. lake|
|1880||Old Bukow||Alt Bukow Church||I / P||8th||2000 general repairs by A. Arnold, Plau a. lake|
|1883||Koelzow||Kölzow village church||I / p||5|
|1884||Wamckow||Wamckow village church||I / P||6th||All metal pipes renewed|
|1884||Wernigerode||Kreuzkirche (SELK)||I / P||7th||→ organ|
|1885||Alt Meteln||Alt Meteln village church||I / P||5||2012 Restoration by historical keyboard instruments Johann-Gottfried Schmidt (Rostock)|
|1885||Grabow||City Church of St. George||II / P||25th||Restored in 2015 by master organ builder Andreas Arnold, Plau a. Lake.|
|1886||Hornstorf||Hornstorf village church||I / P||5||from Müsselmow implemented in 1965, rebuilt in 1990 → organ|
|1887||Barkov||Village church||I / P||6th||Restored and expanded in 2007 by master organ builder Andreas Arnold, Plau a. Lake.|
|1887||Demes||Church Demen||I / p||7th||The pipes melted down in 1917 were replaced by Nussbrücker / Plau in 1988.|
|1888||Carlow||Village church||II / P||14th||2015 new prospect pipes installed by Organbau-Schucke .|
|1889||Ludershagen||Lüdershagen village church||I / p||6th||1997 Repair by Wolfgang Nußbücker from Plau am See .|
|1889||Nostorf||Nostorf village church||I / P||7th||1907 Extension of the organ by three registers, made by organ builder Marcus Runge .|
|1890||Malchow||Monastery church||II / P||14th||In 2004, the prospectus pipes given as part of the tin donation (1917) were replaced.|
|1892||Boizenburg||St. Mary||II / P||19th||Restored in 1994 by organ builder Wolfgang Nußbücker.|
- The Ludwigslust city church and its Friese organ - commemorative publication on the occasion of the re-inauguration of the restored Friese organ on June 29, 2003 . Ludwigslust 2003.
- Friedrich Drese : Family table of the organist and organ builder family Friese . In: Roland Steinbrück (Ed.): The Friese organ from 1877 in the collegiate church in Bützow - Festschrift for the re-inauguration on September 25, 1999 . Bützow 1999.
- Friedrich Drese: About organ building in Mecklenburg . In: Festschrift for the consecration of the Friese organ - St. Georgenkirche Parchim in October 2001 . Parchim 2001.
- Matthias Gretzschel : Organs in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania - Saved for the future . Hamburger Abendblatt Axel Springer AG, Hamburg 2003.
- Reinhard Jaehn: The Friese organ (1876) of the city church in Ludwigslust (Mecklenburg) . In: Ars Organi . tape 29 , 1981, pp. 52-58 .
- Max Reinhard Jaehn, Karl and Wolfhard Eschenburg: Organs in Mecklenburg . Hinstorff Verlag, Rostock 2008, ISBN 978-3-356-01267-5 .
- Max Reinhard Jaehn: Friezes. North German organs in five generations. Volume 1: Friedrich [III] Friese (1827-1896). Text volume with catalog of works on DVD . Thomas Helms Verlag , Schwerin 2014, ISBN 978-3-940207-95-1 .
- Literature about Friedrich Friese III in the state bibliography MV
- Organs in Mecklenburg with illustrations and dispositions, including Friese organs
- Organ in Barkow
- Organ prospectus Plate
|SURNAME||Friese III, Friedrich|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Friese, Friedrich Ludwig Theodor|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Organ builder|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 18, 1827|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Schwerin|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 13, 1896|
|Place of death||Schwerin|