Friedrich Friese III

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Friedrich Friese (1889)

Friedrich Ludwig Theodor Friese , called (Friedrich) Friese III (born April 18, 1827 in Schwerin ; † January 13, 1896 ibid), was a German organ builder . Through his work, the Friese organ building workshop became the most important in Mecklenburg in the second half of the 19th century.


Friedrich Friese was born in Schwerin in 1827 as the son of the organist and organ builder Friedrich Friese (II) . After his organ builder apprenticeship in his father's workshop, begun in 1843, he went on a journey: from 1850 he worked for the Berlin organ builder Carl August Buchholz for almost two years and then until 1854 with Aristide Cavaillé-Coll in Paris. After his return in 1854, he took over his father's business in 1856. In the same year he married Maria Müller (1836–1880). From this first marriage 3 children were born, u. a. his son Heinrich Friese (1860–1948), who did an organ builder apprenticeship, but later, after studying zoology, became known as a biologist and bee researcher. Through his experiences before taking over the workshop in Kirchenstr. 1, Friedrich Friese III gave the Mecklenburg organ building new impetus. On the occasion of the restoration of the organ in the Ludwigslust city church, Friedrich Drese wrote : “Friese III belongs to a new generation of organs that create the instruments for romantic compositions. The sound of the organs is powerful, of course, with a fundamental tone and the large number of wooden pipes gives them softness, even something soft and blurred. The construction of the trumpet in the style of Andreas Silbermann is interesting . "

Like his father, Friedrich Friese III also had the grand ducal organ building privilege. In this way he was sure of the public orders of the patronage authorities. Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II. , Who particularly encouraged church building with new or restored organs, appointed Friedrich Friese III in 1873 for his services as court organ builder. In one point he remained conservative: He did not build organs with a pneumatic action , as was common practice towards the end of the 19th century, but instead kept the construction with a mechanical action.

In 1883 Friedrich Friese III married Bertha Conradi (1850-1897), the daughter of the then Schwerin Paulskirche organist Wilhelm Conradi , they had two children. He died on January 13, 1896 in Schwerin. The organ building workshop Friese in Schwerin was taken over by the organ builder Marcus Runge in 1896 .

List of works (selection)

Friedrich Friese III built 109 organs, 71 of which are completely or almost unchanged or have been restored to their original condition to this day. This list includes selected new organs from the workshop, as well as some organs that were destroyed or replaced by new organs from other organ builders.

The size of the instruments is indicated in the fifth column by the number of manuals and the number of sounding registers in the sixth column. A capital “P” stands for an independent pedal, a lowercase “p” for an attached pedal. Italicization indicates that the organ in question is no longer available or that only the brochure is from the workshop.

year place church image Manuals register Remarks
1850 Dambeck Dambeck village church Dambeck Church Organ.jpg I / P 5 Contract still with Friese II, 1965 Repair W. Nußbücker, Plau a. See and 2009 restoration by A. Arnold, Plau am See → Organ
1858 Schwerin Shelf Church (St. Nikolai) Schwerin Schelfkirche organ (2) .jpg II / P 18th Reconstructed by Christian Scheffler (organ builder)
1859 Dassow Nikolaikirche
Dassow organ.jpg
II / P 14th organ
1861 Rüting Diedrichshagen village church I / P 8th
1862 Benthen Benthen village church I. 5 Destroyed in 1974 when the roof structure in the nave collapsed
1863 Neubukow City Church Neubukow
Neubukow Stadtkirche organ (2) .JPG
II / P 15th
1864 New monastery Monastery church St. Maria im Sonnekamp
Neukloster Organ.jpg
1865 Börzow Borzow village church I / P 9
1865 Beidendorf Beidendorf village church
Beidendorf Church 3.jpg
II / P 15th organ
1867 Elmenhorst Elmenhorst village church Elmenhorst Kalkhorst organ (04) .jpg I / P 5 built in by Schwerin Cathedral in 1872
1868 Neuburg Village church Neuburg Neuburg village church organ (2) .JPG I / P 11
1868 Passow (Mecklenburg) Passow village church I / p 6th 2001 restoration by Schuke (Potsdam); contains the only preserved tin prospectus pipes from the workshop of Friese (III)
1869 Rye peat Roggenstorf village church
Roggenstorf Church (03) .JPG
I / P 6th 1968 Change of disposition W. Nussbücker, Plau a. lake
1869 Schwerin Paulskirche Organ Paulskirche (SN) .jpg II / P 31 1999–2002 restoration by the Wegscheider organ workshop
1869 Rövershagen Village church Church Rövershagen 02.jpg II / P 7th organ
1871 Bülow Bülow village church Bülow church organ coat of arms 2012-06-01 215.JPG I. 4th organ
1871 Parchim St. Georgen
Parchim, St. Georgen Church, the organ.jpg
II / P 25th
1871 Under Brüz Village church Unter Brüz Church Unter Bruetz organ loft (2012) .jpg I / P 5 2011 restoration by Gottfried Schmidt (Rostock)
1872 Bibow Bibow village church Dorfkirche-bibow07.jpg I / P 6th
1872 Grevesmühlen City Church of St. Nikolai Grevesmühlen city church organ (3) .jpg II / P 20th
1873 Malchow Town church; Plate
Malchow city church organ.jpg
1873 Ribnitz Malchow Orgelmuseum Klosterkirche Play table of the Friese organ from Ribnitz.jpg Only the console is preserved, it is located in the Mecklenburg Organ Museum in Malchow
1874 Cupentess Village church I / p 6th 1999 general repairs by A. Arnold, Plau a. lake
1875 Bristow Bristow village church 20030705740DR Bristow (Schorsow) Ev Dorfkirche Orgel.jpg I / p 5 2005 and 2014 reconstruction by A. Arnold, Plau a. lake
1876 Blucher Village church II / P 11
1876 Goldberg City church Goldberg Goldberg Church Organ 2012-10-11 213.JPG II / P 11 organ
1876 Ludwigslust City Church Ludwigslust city church organ.jpg III / P 30th 2003 Disposition revised by the Mitteldeutsche Orgelbau A. Voigt.
1877 Bützow Collegiate church Bützow organ (1) .jpg II / P 28 Restored in 1999 by Wegschneider's organ workshop.
1878 Malchin City Church (St. Johannis) Johanniskirche Malchin organ.JPG II / P 28 Restored in 2004 by Wegschneider's organ workshop.
1878 Was in Collegiate church Warin Church Organ.jpg II / P 16 1998 Repair by W. Nussbücker, Plau a. lake
1880 Old Bukow Alt Bukow Church I / P 8th 2000 general repairs by A. Arnold, Plau a. lake
1883 Koelzow Kölzow village church I / p 5
1884 Wamckow Wamckow village church Wamckow Church organ loft 2012-10-11 454.JPG I / P 6th All metal pipes renewed
1884 Wernigerode Kreuzkirche (SELK) I / P 7th organ
1885 Alt Meteln Alt Meteln village church I / P 5 2012 Restoration by historical keyboard instruments Johann-Gottfried Schmidt (Rostock)
1885 Grabow City Church of St. George II / P 25th Restored in 2015 by master organ builder Andreas Arnold, Plau a. Lake.
1886 Hornstorf Hornstorf village church Village church St. Laurentius in Hornstorf, interior.jpg I / P 5 from Müsselmow implemented in 1965, rebuilt in 1990 → organ
1887 Barkov Village church Barkow Church Organ.jpg I / P 6th Restored and expanded in 2007 by master organ builder Andreas Arnold, Plau a. Lake.
1887 Demes Church Demen I / p 7th The pipes melted down in 1917 were replaced by Nussbrücker / Plau in 1988.
1888 Carlow Village church Carlow organ (2) .jpg II / P 14th 2015 new prospect pipes installed by Organbau-Schucke .
1889 Ludershagen Lüdershagen village church I / p 6th 1997 Repair by Wolfgang Nußbücker from Plau am See .
1889 Nostorf Nostorf village church I / P 7th 1907 Extension of the organ by three registers, made by organ builder Marcus Runge .
1890 Malchow Monastery church Malchow Orgelmuseum Klosterkirche Frieseorgel.jpg II / P 14th In 2004, the prospectus pipes given as part of the tin donation (1917) were replaced.
1892 Boizenburg St. Mary Friese III Boizenburg May 2015.jpg II / P 19th Restored in 1994 by organ builder Wolfgang Nußbücker.


  • The Ludwigslust city church and its Friese organ - commemorative publication on the occasion of the re-inauguration of the restored Friese organ on June 29, 2003 . Ludwigslust 2003.
  • Friedrich Drese : Family table of the organist and organ builder family Friese . In: Roland Steinbrück (Ed.): The Friese organ from 1877 in the collegiate church in Bützow - Festschrift for the re-inauguration on September 25, 1999 . Bützow 1999.
  • Friedrich Drese: About organ building in Mecklenburg . In: Festschrift for the consecration of the Friese organ - St. Georgenkirche Parchim in October 2001 . Parchim 2001.
  • Matthias Gretzschel : Organs in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania - Saved for the future . Hamburger Abendblatt Axel Springer AG, Hamburg 2003.
  • Reinhard Jaehn: The Friese organ (1876) of the city church in Ludwigslust (Mecklenburg) . In: Ars Organi . tape 29 , 1981, pp. 52-58 .
  • Max Reinhard Jaehn, Karl and Wolfhard Eschenburg: Organs in Mecklenburg . Hinstorff Verlag, Rostock 2008, ISBN 978-3-356-01267-5 .
  • Max Reinhard Jaehn: Friezes. North German organs in five generations. Volume 1: Friedrich [III] Friese (1827-1896). Text volume with catalog of works on DVD . Thomas Helms Verlag , Schwerin 2014, ISBN 978-3-940207-95-1 .

Web links

Commons : Friese Orgeln  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Entry in the Mecklenburg Organ Inventory, Malchow Organ Museum , accessed on February 2, 2018