Arthur Piechler

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Arthur Piechler on the Hechenberger organ in Passau Cathedral from 1890

Arthur Piechler (born March 27, 1896 in Magdeburg , † March 10, 1974 in Landau an der Isar ) was a German composer and organist .


His father came from Osterhofen ( Lower Bavaria ) and was a celebrated opera singer, his mother, a well-known pianist and singer, came from Würzburg . At the age of seven, Piechler came to Landau an der Isar. The family bought a house with a textile shop on Hauptstrasse, which is now a general practitioner’s practice. Today a plaque commemorates the famous son of the city of Landau. For Piechler, Landau was always the hometown. Piechler attended high school in Metten for a short time , then in Bamberg, and in 1915 passed the Abitur in Straubing . While his two brothers had fallen, he returned from the First World War as a lieutenant .

In 1919 he attended the Academy of Music in Munich his musical studies with the subjects organ and composition theory , where his cousin, who was born in Landau an der Isar Heinrich Kaspar Schmid , his composition teacher was. As an organ virtuoso, Arthur Piechler undertook concert tours through almost all of Europe in the following years. In 1925 Heinrich Kaspar Schmid, who had meanwhile become director of the Augsburg Leopold Mozart Conservatory , brought the gifted man to Augsburg as a teacher . Piechler shaped Augsburg's musical life for 30 years, also as director of the oratorio club and from 1945 to 1955 as director of the conservatory.

time of the nationalsocialism

According to the Nuremberg Race Laws, Piechler was a "half-breed" because he was of Jewish descent on his mother's side. The Reich Chamber of Culture therefore excluded him in 1938, but the city of Augsburg did not dismiss him. City officials wrestled with the Reich Chamber of Culture for several years. Only when the Gestapo threatened him did the city of Augsburg leave him on leave from 1941. Piechler thanked the city for this by staying temporarily after 1945.

Post-war years

His reputation as a composer grew. Married to a woman from Landau since 1929, he moved to Landau forever in 1961, where he spent the rest of his life. On the occasion of his 65th birthday on March 27, 1961, the city of Landau granted him honorary citizenship. The then mayor Habersbrunner, a lawyer, described him as "the largest and most famous Landau at the time".

A new and fruitful creative period began in Landau and some of his most famous works were created, some of which are named here as examples: Spanish dance, hymns (praise the gentlemen), Volkspassion, Benedict Mass op.28, Liebfrauenmesse, Franziskusmesse, organ works: suite op. 3, Italian suite op. 22, organ music op. 39, concerto for organ and orchestra op. 65 ( dedicated to Albert Schweitzer ) , etc. A large part of Arthur Piechler's works is published by the music publisher Böhm & Sohn in Augsburg.

Arthur Piechler is buried in Landau in the Holy Cross Cemetery.

Since 1993, the city of Landau an der Isar has held an organ competition every three years for the Arthur Piechler and Heinrich Kaspar Schmid Music Prize in honor of the city's two honorary citizens. The artistic director of this international organ competition is the renowned organist Karl Maureen from the Augsburg University of Music; Christian Müller from Landau / Isar is responsible for the voluntary organizational management.



  • Arthur Piechler, the fifty year old. Dedicated by former students. Naumann, Augsburg 1946.
  • Thea Lethmair, Karl Robert Danler (Eds.): Arthur Piechler: 1896-1974; Bayer, composer, organist; Memories, encounters, letters. Böhm, Augsburg 1976, DNB 780075862 .
  • Katharina Larissa Paech: The Organ Concerto in G minor, Op. 65 by Arthur Piechler. Master's thesis, University of Würzburg 2002.
  • Katharina Larissa Paech: Piechler, Arthur. In: Ludwig Finscher (Hrsg.): The music in past and present . New edition. Personal section Volume 13. Bärenreiter, Kassel / Metzler, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-7618-1133-0 (Bärenreiter) / ISBN 3-476-41028-5 (Metzler), Sp. 553–554.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Karl Filser: Augsburg in the Third Reich. In: Gunther Gottlieb , Wolfram Baer, Josef Becker , Josef Bellot, Karl Filser, Pankraz Fried , Wolfgang Reinhard , Bernhard Schimmelpfennig (eds.): History of the city of Augsburg from Roman times to the present. Stuttgart 1984, ISBN 3-8062-0283-4 , p. 631.
  2. Jury ( Memento of the original from February 1, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. of the Arthur Piechler organ competition @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /