Balys Sruoga

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Balys Sruoga, before 1921

Balys Sruoga (born February 2, 1896 in Baibokai near Biržai , Russian Empire ; † October 16, 1947 in Vilnius , Lithuanian SSR ) was a Lithuanian poet, playwright, critic and literary scholar.


Sruoga studied from 1914 to 1918 at the Universities of St. Petersburg and Moscow and from 1921 at the University of Munich , where he received his doctorate in 1924 on Lithuanian folklore . After his return to Lithuania, Sruoga taught Russian literature and theater at the University of Kaunas (from 1932 as a professor ) and wrote literary and theater criticism. In the 1930s, Sruoga became famous as a playwright with historical plays such as Milžino paunksmė ( In the Shadow of the Giant , 1932).

From 1945 he taught at the Vilniaus universitetas . In March 1943, Sruoga, along with other Lithuanian intellectuals, was arrested by the German occupiers on charges of inciting students against serving in the SS , and he was deported to the Stutthof concentration camp . He wrote his memories of life and suffering in the concentration camp in the autobiographical novel Dievų miškas ( The Forest of the Gods ). The novel was only published in 1957 after the de-Stalinization , 10 years after the writer's death, and is now one of the most important works of Lithuanian literature.

Works in German translation

Web links

Commons : Balys Sruoga  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files