Ludwig Gabillon came from a Huguenot family who immigrated to Mecklenburg . His father was the Catholic tax secretary (Johann Otto) Ludwig Gabillon (1784–1847), his mother the housewife Dorothea Hentze or Uentze. As a high school student, he saw the opera Die Stumme von Portici performed by Karl Friedrich Bethmann's theater company in Güstrow . He was enthusiastic and with the permission of his parents he joined the Bethmann ensemble and was able to successfully debut as an "Indian" as early as Easter 1844.
When his contract ended in 1846, Gabillon went to Oldenburg (Oldenburg) to see Julius Mosen , the artistic director of the grand ducal court theater . He engaged him until the end of June 1848 and with effect from July 1st he moved to Schwerin , at the court theater there . In Schwerin he married the actress Jeanette von Zahlhaas on June 11, 1847 ; this marriage, from which a son emerged, was divorced in 1852 or 1854.
The next station was the Hoftheater Kassel , where he was a member of the ensemble until spring 1851. He was then engaged at the Hanover Opera House until the spring of 1853 . At that time he met Heinrich Laube , who signed him to the Burgtheater in Vienna .
In the summer of 1853 Gabillon completed a sensational guest appearance at Her Majesty's Theater (St. James Theater) in ( London ) together with Ludwig Dessoir , Gustav Emil Devrient and Lina Fuhr . The critics overturned and the Times' feature pages read:
"When the mind has arranged these beautiful means into an artistic whole, and it is stepped out of the green state of its happy beginners, Gabillon will make his fortune at every theater and his name will soon be able to shine in the ranks of the first artists."
On October 10, 1853, Gabillon said goodbye as "Carl Moor" and on December 3 of the same year he was seen for the first time in Vienna as "Sun King". Gabillon married his colleague Zerline Würzburg - also from Güstrow - on June 27, 1856 in Vienna . The couple had two daughters: Dora (* 1850) and 1857 Helene (* 1857). Dora married the historian August Fournier , Helene the literary scholar and writer Anton Bettelheim . Helene Bettelheim-Gabillon worked as a writer and graphic designer. Dorothea's daughter Christine Olden , his granddaughter, was a well-known psycho and child analyst.
In February 1863 he played “Hagen” in the world premiere of Hebbel's Nibelungs . Both the audience and the official theater review were enthusiastic; Hebbel himself described Gabillon's appearance as a personified thunderstorm ("... everything he spoke ignited, every word hit ..."). Between 1875 and 1895 Gabillon also worked as a director at the Burgtheater.
Over time, the couple Ludwig and Zerline Gabillon became the most famous actors of their time. With a repertoire of around 300 roles, Ludwig Gabillon was the most famous character actor; one of his most famous roles was the imposing depiction of Hagen in Hebbel's Die Nibelungen . For the hero roles embodied by Gabillon, the term so-called gabillon roles was coined in theater studies .
In January 1895 Gabillon was still seen as "Giacomo Neri". When he returned to Vienna from his subsequent summer vacation at the end of August 1895, he took on the role of the “earth spirit”. He suffered a stroke during the rehearsals . Gabilloan died in Vienna at the age of seventy and found his final resting place in the evangelical cemetery in Vienna-Matzleinsdorf (crypt center above, number 034).
Theater critic Paul Schlenther wrote the obituary :
“... a man who doesn't walk, but walks. A voice that doesn't speak, but resounds. An eye that doesn't look, but flashes. A lip that doesn't slurp, but empties. A heart that doesn't feel, but glows. a hand that does not grasp, but ties. an arm swinging the spit, a spike that strikes. An actor on a grand scale, a person in a fresco style: that was Ludwig Gabillon ... "
- Gabillongasse in the 16th district of Vienna, Ottakring, is named after Ludwig and Zerline Gabillon .
- Paintings by Ludwig and Zerlina Gabillon are in the Burgschauspieltheatergalerie.
- Indians - The Sun Maiden ( August von Kotzebue )
- Melchthal - Wilhelm Tell ( Friedrich Schiller )
- Ingomar - The Son of the Wilderness ( Friedrich Halm )
- Wilhelm - Leonore ( Karl von Holtei )
- Kosinsky - The Robbers (Friedrich Schiller)
- Don Cesar - Donna Diana ( Joseph Schreyvogel )
- Romeo - Romeo and Juliet ( William Shakespeare )
- Caesar - Julius Caesar (William Shakespeare)
- Hinko - Hinko ( Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer )
- Ferdinand - Egmont ( Johann Wolfgang von Goethe )
- Hagen - The Nibelungs ( Christian Friedrich Hebbel )
- Sun King - archetype of the Tartüffe ( Karl Gutzkow )
- Don Lope - The Judge of Zalamea ( Pedro Calderón de la Barca )
- Don Pedro - Preciosa ( Pius Alexander Wolff )
- Delobelle - Fromont & Risler ( Alphonse Daudet )
- Kattwald - woe to him who lies! ( Franz Grillparzer )
- Helene Bettelheim-Gabillon: Ludwig Gabillon. Journal sheets, letters, memories . Vienna 1900 ( digitized version ).
- Anton Bettelheim: List of the roles that Ludwig Gabillon played as a member of the Hofburgtheater in the years 1853-93 . 1893
- Felix Czeike: Historical Lexicon Vienna . 2nd volume. Vienna 1993.
- Ludwig Eisenberg : Large biographical lexicon of the German stage in the XIX. Century . Verlag von Paul List , Leipzig 1903, p. 300 f., ( Textarchiv - Internet Archive ).
- Lajos Hevesi: Zerlina Gabillon. An artist's life . Bonz, Stuttgart 1894 ( limited preview in the Google Book Search USA ).
- Konrad Schrögendorfer: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 6, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1964, ISBN 3-428-00187-7 , p. 5 f. ( ). In:
- Alexander von Weilen : Gabillon, Ludwig . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 55, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1910, pp. 477-479.
- Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 1, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1957, p. 386. In:
- Literature about Ludwig Gabillon in the state bibliography MV
- Entry on Ludwig Gabillon in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- The date of birth follows the information given by his daughter, Helene Bettelheim-Gabillon: Ludwig Gabillon. Journal sheets, letters, memories. Vienna 1900, p. 29 ( digitized version ), which is widely used in literature. - In some sources, the year of birth is also given as 1828.
- today the district of Güstrow
- According to the information in the NDB!
- Website “The unemployed from Marienthal” accessed January 23, 2009
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Gabillon, Johann Otto Ludwig (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Castle actor and director|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 16, 1825|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||New Strenz|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 13, 1896|
|Place of death||Vienna|