Christopher Andrewes

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Christopher Andrewes

Sir Christopher Howard Andrewes (born June 7, 1896 in London , † December 31, 1988 in Wiltshire ) was a British virologist .


Andrewes went after two years at the Rockefeller Institute in New York City in 1927 to the Medical Research Council (National Institute of Medical Research) in Hampstead , north London , where he researched tumor viruses in animals.

Andrewes was involved in the discovery of the influenza virus . In 1933 he and his colleagues Patrick Laidlaw and Wilson Smith transmitted the human flu virus to ferrets. In several years of work from 1946 to around 1960, he and colleagues continued to isolate the flu virus. They also isolated several of the viruses that are responsible for common colds around 1960. From 1952 he was Deputy Director of the National Institute of Medical Research. In 1961 he retired.

Andrewes was a Fellow of the Royal Society (1939), a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (FRCP) and the Royal College of Pathologists. In 1951 he received the Leeuwenhoek Medal of the Royal Society, and in 1979 the Robert Koch Medal . In 1955 he became a member of the American Philosophical Society and in 1964 a foreign member of the National Academy of Sciences . In 1961 he was knighted as a Knight Bachelor .

He was a hobby entomologist. Andrewes was married and had three children.


  • The natural history of viruses, WWNorton 1967


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. According to the New York Times of January 4, 1989, Christopher Andrewes was on Saturday [31. December 1988] died at the age of 92
  2. ^ Wilson Smith, CH Andrewes and PP Laidlaw: A Virus Obtained From Influenza Patients . In: The Lancet . Vol. 222, 1933, pp. 66-68.
  3. Soon after, it was also transmitted to mice, and in 1936 Frank Horsfall , Alice Chenowith and colleagues developed an influenza vaccine in mouse lung tissue.
  4. ^ Member History: Christopher H. Andrewes. American Philosophical Society, accessed June 19, 2018 .