From 1911 to 1913 he did a bookbinding apprenticeship in Prague . At the same time he started taking pictures with an Ica, a 6 × 9 cm camera. In 1913 he bought a VEA 9 × 12cm camera with an Extra Rapid Aplanat 1: 7.7 / 135mm. In 1913 he started working for a bookbinder in Nymburk , but was drafted into the military in 1915. From 1915 to 1917 he took photos with a 4.5 × 6 cm folding camera with a Steinheil Unifocal lens. In 1947 he acquired a camera for the format 30 × 40 cm and a Kodak panorama camera 10 × 30 cm from 1894.
Many of Josef Sudek's works show Czech landscapes, cityscapes and still lifes, but also the lives of his fellow citizens. For example, they show:
- Landscapes around Kolin before the First World War,
- Wounded in the hospital during the First World War; (Sudek himself was wounded in this war and lost an arm),
- the St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague,
- his little garden in the Prague of the Second World War,
- Landscapes and cities after World War II.
What is striking about Sudek's work is the variety. Significant art-historical developments in photography are reflected in his work. In addition to impressionistic motifs, Sudek also made references to the New Objectivity and Surrealism. The general art-historical location is therefore unclear. In his essay Sudek the Outsider , published in 2012, Antonín Dufek attempted to counter the often categorized as romanticists with a more complex image of the photographer. Sudek oriented himself accordingly to different photographic trends and above all to models. In contrast, a romantic trait can be seen in this versatility.
Sudek was particularly interested in a professional and technically and artistically superior way of working. The majority of his recordings were made with large-format cameras, which enabled him to forego enlargements , i.e. to make a contact sheet.
The asteroid (4176) Sudek , discovered on February 24, 1987, has been named after him since 1998.
- Howard Greenberg / Annette Kicken / Rudolf Kicken (Eds.): Czech Vision. Avantgarde Photography in Czechoslovakia. Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern 2007, ISBN 978-3-7757-2030-4 .
- Timm Rautert: Josef Sudek, Prague 1967. Steidl, Göttingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-86521-712-7 .
- Josef Sudek , editor and publisher: Edition Lichttropfen, Aachen 1976,
- Maia-Mari Sutnik (editor): Josef Sudek: The Legacy of a Deeper Vision. Munich 2012. ISBN 978-3-7774-5291-3
- Literature by and about Josef Sudek in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature and other media by and about Josef Sudek in the catalog of the National Library of the Czech Republic
- Josef Moucha: The Miracle of Seeing and the Enchantment of Josef Sudek , pp. 26–29 (PDF)
- Special exhibition Timm Rautert: Josef Sudek, Prague 1967 in the Forum for Photography Cologne (2010)
- Charles Sawyer: Sudek, The Man And His Work , via Sens Unic, International Cultural Institution
- Biography of Josef Sudek at RoGallery
- Maia-Mari Sutnik (Ed.): Josef Sudek: The Legacy of a Deeper Vision. Munich 2012. pp. 241–248
- Minor Planet Circ. 31295
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Czech photographer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 17, 1896|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Kolín , Kingdom of Bohemia , Austria-Hungary (today: Kolín , Středočeský kraj , Czech Republic )|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 15, 1976|
|Place of death||Prague , Czechoslovakia|