Eugenio Montale was the youngest of six children of an entrepreneur from Genoa. He was drafted into military service in 1917 and experienced the last years of the First World War at the front in South Tyrol . After the war he lived in Genoa and became interested in literature. He met writers and critics and in 1922 co-founded the magazine Primo tempo . His works are heavily influenced by the basic concepts of French symbolism and impressionism.
The publication of his first volume of poetry, Ossi di seppia , made him known as a writer in 1925. Two years later he moved to Florence , where he directed the well-known Gabinetto Vieusseux library . He lost this position in 1938 due to his refusal to join the fascist party. In 1939 Montale published his second volume of poetry, Le occasioni . He worked for newspapers in Florence and from 1948 in Milan for the Corriere della Sera . In 1962 he was awarded the international Antonio Feltrinelli Prize . His third volume of poetry, La bufera e altro , appeared in 1956. In 1971, the volume of poetry Satura came out, parts of which had already been published. The landscapes of Liguria are often described in his poems.
In 1977, Montale was elected an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters . Montale was honorary doctorates from La Sapienza University of Rome, the University of Milan and the University of Cambridge .
- 1925/28: Ossi di seppia ( The bones of the squid )
- 1939: Le Occasioni ( occasions )
- 1943: Finisterre
- 1956: La bufera e altro ( The storm wind and others )
- 1971: Satura. German Satura. Italian German. Transferred and afterword by Michael Marschall von Bieberstein. Piper Verlag, Munich-Zurich 1976. ISBN 978-3-492-02215-6 .
- 1973: Diario del '71 e '72 ( diary '71 & '72 )
- 1987: Poems 1920–1954. Italian German. Transferred by Hanno Helbling. Hanser Verlag, Munich. ISBN 3-446-14491-9 .
- 2013: What remains (if it lasts). Poems 1920–1980. Italian German. Selected, translated and annotated by Christoph Ferber . With an afterword by Georges Güntert. Dieterich'sche Verlagbuchhandlung Mainz. ISBN 978-3-87162-080-5 .
- Guido Almansi, Bruce Merry : Eugenio Montale. The private language of poetry. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh 1977.
- Manfred Lentzen: Italian poetry of the 20th century. From the avant-garde of the first decades to a new inwardness. Analecta Romanica series, issue 53. Klostermann, Frankfurt a. M. 1994, ISBN 3-465-02654-3 , pp. 110-131.
- Pietro Montorfani: "Il mio sogno di te non è finito". Ipotesi di speranza nell'universo montaliano. In: Sacra doctrina. 55, 2010, , pp. 185-196.
- Winfried Wehle : Guardian of the transitions. Living in the medium of language: on Montale's poetry. In: Kirsten Hagen, Claudia Hoffmann (Eds.): Intermedia. A commemorative publication in honor of Franz-Josef Albersmeier. Romanistischer Verlag, Bonn 2007, ISBN 978-3-86143-180-0 , pp. 195–207 ( Treatises on Language and Literature 171), online (PDF; 44 kB) .
- Literature by and about Eugenio Montale in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Eugenio Montale in the German Digital Library
- Information from the Nobel Foundation on the 1975 award to Eugenio Montale
- Montale, Eugenio in the Treccani Encyclopedia
- Honorary Members: Eugenio Montale. American Academy of Arts and Letters, accessed March 16, 2019 .
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Italian writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 12, 1896|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Genoa|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 12, 1981|
|Place of death||Milan|