Battle of Bergen
The Battle of Bergen was a battle of the Seven Years' War on April 13, 1759 near the village of Bergen in the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel . The battle was fought between Royal French and Allied troops.
The commander-in-chief of the Allied Army (approx. 37,000 men), consisting mainly of Kur-Braunschweigisch-Lüneburg ("Kurhannover") , British and Hesse-Kassel and Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel regiments, Duke Ferdinand von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel , opened the campaign of 1759 Its starting position was not very promising: The French main power (66,000 men) under Marshal de Contades threatened to penetrate from the Lower Rhine to Kurhannover. In addition, the Duke of Broglie had concentrated his troops (31,000 men) near Frankfurt am Main . Therefore Ferdinand intended to defeat the two enemy armies one after the other. On April 13, 1759 he met the troops of the Duke of Broglie near Bergen. The attack was immediately ordered. The French positions, however, turned out to be too strong. The Allies were turned away three times. In order not to endanger his army as a whole, Ferdinand therefore broke off the battle, losing 2,373 men. Among the dead was the Hesse-Kassel general Count Johann Casimir von Isenburg-Birstein . Despite being victorious, the French lost nearly 4,000 men. Including the Saxon general Freiherr Georg Karl von Dyherrn .
- Detailed news of the bloody battle between the Hanoverian allies and the royal ones. Occurred by the French peoples on April 13th, 1759 near Bergen without Franckfurth ( digitized version )
- The battle of mountains not far from Frankfurt am Main between the Königl. French troops under the leadership of the Duke of Broglio, and the Allies, under the orders of the Duke Ferdinand of Braunschweig on April 13th, 1759 ( digitized version )
- Johann Wilhelm von Archenholtz : History of the Seven Years' War in Germany from 1756 to 1763 , Biblio-Verlag, Osnabrück 1982, pp. 292–296. ISBN 3-7648-1203-6 (reprint of the Karlsruhe 1791 edition).
- Olaf Groehler : The wars of Friedrich II. 5th edition. Military publishing house of the GDR, Berlin 1989, ISBN 3-327-00038-7 .