Diachronie ( ancient Greek dia “through” and chronos “time”) describes a way of looking at language in linguistics , in which a comparison of language stages and individual linguistic phenomena over time is the focus, for example in the development from Middle High German to New High German . In other words, it is the historical linguistics approach . The term diachrony was coined by Ferdinand de Saussure , as an antithesis to “ synchrony ”, in which the state of language and the systemic relationships within it are viewed within a clearly delimited period of time.
These two perspectives are viewed in the specialist sciences as separate approaches that are methodologically mutually exclusive. However, some scholars, such as Jack Goody ( The Logic of Scripture and the Organization of Society, 1990) deliberately ignore these methodological limitations.
- Ferdinand de Saussure: Cours de linguistique générale. 1916. German as: Basic questions in general linguistics. 2nd Edition. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1967.
- John Lyons : Introduction to Modern Linguistics. 5th edition. CH Beck, Munich 1980, p. 47ff.