Dignity (medicine)

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The malignancy (from latin dignitas , dignity ', here in the sense of value ) is in the medical classification of tumors , in which one between benign (benign) and malignant differs (malignant) tumors.

  • Benign (benign) tumors grow locally and do not penetrate into neighboring structures, but their sheer volume can cause serious problems, for example brain tumors or myomas .
  • Semimalignant tumors grow into the surrounding tissue in a destructive and infiltrating manner . They usually do not metastasize and show a high degree of recurrence.
  • Malignant tumors, on the other hand, commonly known as cancer , also penetrate into neighboring structures and can therefore damage the organism much more than benign ones.

The possibility of metastasis and invasive (penetrating) growth is decisive for classification as malignant . However, this decision criterion is not always clear. There are tumors such as basalioma , which metastasize only extremely rarely, but still grow locally in a highly destructive manner and thus cause considerable damage. It is an example of a semi-malignant tumor. The terms dignity, benignity and malignancy are also used in medicine outside of oncology . For example, one speaks of malignant hyperthermia , malignant infant epilepsy , malignant neuroleptic syndrome or malignant hypertension to indicate the severity of the disease in terms of its malignancy. The benign positional vertigo should also be remembered ; there is no serious illness underlying it.

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