Dualistic system

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The dualistic system is a form of organizational constitution for companies .

The dualistic system means the separation of management and control. There are two separate bodies for this, the management body and the supervisory body. Stock corporations under German stock corporation law must have such a separation and distribute management and control between these two bodies. The board of directors is the management body and responsible for the management. The Supervisory Board exercises its control as a supervisory body.

The opposite of the dualistic system is the monistic system .

In international law , one speaks of a dualistic system when a state treaty under international law must first be adopted by national legislation in order to become valid in this country. Here too there is the contrast to the monistic system .


  1. Hansjörg Seiler: Introduction to the law. 2nd, supplemented and improved edition. Schulthess, Zurich et al. 2004, ISBN 3-7255-4827-7 , p. 131 f.