At tier system ( Engl. "One-tier system") is not institutionally separate the management of the monitoring. Rather, these two functions are performed by one and the same body ( board of directors , administrative board).
In international law , one speaks of a monistic system when an international treaty has direct effect on authorities and individuals within the state without this treaty being adopted in a state law. Here, too, there is the contrast to the dualistic system .
- Philipp Schmidt: The one-tier SE in Germany ; Hamburg, ISBN 978-3-8300-2473-6
- Seiler Hansjörg, Introduction to Law , p. 131, 2nd amended and improved edition, Schulthess Verlag, 2004