A power brokers (including energy broker ) is a broker ( broker ), who in energy trading is active, that is an individual or a company that a customer for this (with energy on behalf of electric energy , fuels concerns or heating or process heat).
In contrast to the energy merchant, the energy broker's trading primarily serves the self-sufficiency (his customer); the energy is not primarily intended for resale or speculation.
The activity of an energy broker emerged in the course of the liberalization of the energy markets , in Germany in particular the electricity market in 1998. The changeover from monopoly to competition means a changed organization of the energy supply for energy customers, as the energy supply source can be selected. In line with the procurement process for raw materials, energy procurement is becoming increasingly important. The possibilities also increasingly include stock exchanges and marketplaces.
The energy broker negotiates electricity and gas contracts for commercial customers or industrial companies with otherwise constant technical framework conditions with the aim of the cheapest, individually negotiated energy purchase price. Following the negotiations, the energy contract is concluded directly between the company and the energy supplier. The energy broker itself acts independently of energy suppliers .
The service of an energy broker, which is usually provided on the basis of profit-sharing, generally includes the following aspects:
- Analysis of the existing energy contracts
- individual advice on the optimal purchasing strategy
- Selection of suitable energy suppliers
- Execution of tenders
- Examination of the incoming offers
- Negotiations with energy suppliers
- Preparation of the negotiation results as a basis for decision-making
- Invoice control of the negotiated contracts
For smaller commercial customers, low prices are often achieved by bundling energy demand and optimizing contract structures in energy pools. These energy purchasing groups are also looked after by energy brokers who negotiate electricity or gas contracts for these small to medium-sized customers.
The job title of energy broker is a non-protected job title. There are various training opportunities that provide the knowledge and skills required. A combination of a specialist degree (e.g. engineering) and commercial training can make sense.
- Sylvia Englert: The jobs of the future. New job profiles and what is behind them. Campus Verlag GmbH, Frankfurt / Main 2001, ISBN 3-593-36556-1 .