Supplement (grammar)

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In the Germanistic tradition of grammar, a phrase that is required by the verb is typically referred to as a supplement . The exact meaning of the expression can, however, differ from one another in academic grammars and in school grammars. In any case, “supplement” as a grammatical term has a narrower meaning than in a colloquial manner of speaking, where any unit could be meant that “occurs in addition”. The grammatical concept of completion as a unit that is “required” is related to the concept of valence . Supplements then regularly have the semantic function of an argument of the verb, in contrast to the indication .

In German academic grammars, all z. For example, expressions required by a verb (i.e. arguments) are referred to as its complements, e.g. B. Subject and object to a verb. An adverbial can also be a supplement if it is required by the verb (for examples see under Adverbial determination # Adverbial, indication and supplement ).

In school grammar and other didactic grammars, the term “supplement” is also found in a much narrower sense than the German term for an object of the verb ; The traditional term sentence completion for the object also belongs in this context .

See also


  • Duden - The grammar. 8th edition. Dudenverlag, Mannheim 2009.
  • Karin Pittner & Judith Berman: German Syntax. A work book . 4th edition. Narr, Tübingen 2010.

Individual evidence

  1. Dudengrammatik (2009), p. 776. - While the Duden grammar generally uses the term “supplement” for arguments of all parts of speech, other grammars restrict the term to parts of a sentence, e.g. B. Canoonet
  2. Dudengrammatik (2009), p. 780; Pittner & Berman (2010), p. 47.
  3. Example: Annette Raether & Ulrike Holzwarth-Raether: Successful start at high school - German. Duden / Bibliographisches Institut, Berlin 2015, p. 111; Documentation can be viewed online