Narrative behavior

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Narrative behavior is distinguished in narrative theory and narrative technique as follows:

the omniscient narrator , z. For example: "Georg came to the appointment in good time and was happy, he had no idea what was in store for him", especially clear in comments , directions to the reader, digressions , etc. In addition, the narrator intervenes in the narrative process by commenting on the events , judges people or gives indications of future events. The reader is guided through the story.
the narrator tells from the point of view of a character. B: "Georg looked at the clock. He would come in time. Now the traffic light jumped to red, crap. "
Facts and processes are described objectively. Conversations are played back without comments - as in a protocol, e.g. B. Max von der Grün : The shorthand.
The narrator and the acting person are identical: "I am leaving the facility and looking for a cigarette shop", e.g. B. Ödön von Horváth : Youth without God .
the narrator intentionally gives the reader a false picture of the (text-immanent) reality (so-called unreliable narrator ).

See also


  • Alf Mentzer, Ulrich Sonnenschein (ed.): 22 ways to create a world. Storytelling as a universal competence (= Fischer 18028). Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, 2008, ISBN 978-3-596-18028-8 .