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The term ethos ( Greek ἔθος "habit, custom, usage"; ἦθος "character, disposition, custom, custom, habit") refers to education in language the moral sentiments of a person, a community or specific social group (occupational group, school, etc.). The Duden defines the ethos as an “outlook shaped by the awareness of moral values” or “general attitude”; as “ethical awareness” or also as ethics in the sense of the totality of moral norms and maxims that a ( responsible) Setting. The ethos is thus in the synonym field of “morality, sense of duty, sense of duty, loyalty to duty, morality, sense of responsibility, sense of responsibility; (educational language) ethics, morality ”.

As a philosophical term, ethos denotes the habit that precedes and influences the individual. The Ethics as a philosophical discipline is trying to justify a particular ethos or an above arrived critically reflect .

The ethos stands not only for the behavior of individuals, but also for the structure of moral behavior of the social institution in which he lives - objectively as a custom , subjectively as a character . The ethos constitutes , stabilizes and delimits the unity of a particular social community from other communities.

In the classical rhetoric according to Aristotle , ethos describes one of the three types of conviction , namely that through the authority and credibility of the speaker ( moral appeal ). The other two are Pathos (oratory violence and emotional appeal ) and Logos ( consistency and argumentation ).

Not only in ancient Greece, but also in the Middle Ages, the ethos of the modal scales was repeatedly described in music, according to which the different modes are preferred for certain forms of expression because of their recognizable peculiarities.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. See A Greek-English Lexicon 9. A. (1996), p. 480.766.
  2. Christoph Kunz (Ed.): Lexicon Ethics - Religion: Technical terms and people. Stark, Freising 2001: Ethos.
  3. See Duden online, .
  4. See Duden online, .
  5. Rhet. 1,2,4 (ed. Ross 1959) .
  6. On the Ethos of Church Tones .