Extended ISA

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
bottom to top: EISA, ISA and XT connections
Three EISA slots.
A graphics card (ELSA Winner 1000) for the ISA and EISA slot.
Asus motherboard P / E P55T2P4D REV 2.0 with dual socket 7 , EISA and ASUS Media Bus Rev. 2.0
EISA network interface card (Novell NE3200) with RG58 - and AUI - network interface

The Extended Industry Standard Architecture (in practice almost always called EISA ) is a standard bus that extends the ISA bus to 32 bits . It also adds the ability to share the bus between multiple CPUs . The support for bus mastering has also been further improved, so that 4 GB of memory are now available. In contrast to the MCA , EISA can use older cards from the XT bus and from the ISA bus . This is made possible by a two-tier design of the slot and a locking notch (prevents the older cards from touching the newly added contacts). The configuration of the expansion cards had to be done manually in the BIOS, an automatic configuration as with PCI did not yet exist.

The EISA standard was initiated by Compaq in the late 1980s - as an antagonist to IBM's MCA in their PS / 2 series. Although EISA was technically inferior to MCA, its backward compatibility made it more popular.

See also

Technical specifications

Bus width 32 bit
insertable cards 16 bit ISA, XT bus , 32 bit EISA
Pins 98 + 100 inlay
Pitch 2.54mm / 1.27mm
Operating voltages +5 V, −5 V, +12 V, −12 V
Bus cycle 8.33 MHz
theoretical data throughput (32 bit) approx. 32 MB / s
usable data throughput (32 bit) approx. 20 Mbytes / s

Pin assignment of the EISA bus