Color index (geology)
The color index or the color number (Abbr. M ' = the percentage of mafic minerals or FZ ), English color index ( CI ) is in the lithology used parameter of the fraction of dark minerals in igneous rocks indicates. All mafic minerals minus muscovite , apatite and igneous carbonate minerals are considered dark minerals in the determination of M ' . The sum of the volume percentages of these minerals corresponds to the color index of the rock. The color index can be estimated on the handpiece and is therefore a simple aid for classifying the rock. Exact values are determined by counting a thin section of rock under the microscope with the aid of a point counter.
Igneous rocks with a color index below 90 can be classified according to segment iron in the QAPF diagram . A further specification can be made on the basis of the color number. Other classification diagrams must be used for values> 90.
|M '0 to 10||Hololeucocrates rock ( completely light )|
|M '10 to 35||Leucocrates rock ( light )|
|M '35 to 65||Mesocrates rock ( medium color )|
|M '65 to 90||Melanocrates rock ( dark )|
|M '90 to 100||Holomelanocrates, ultramafic rock , naming according to another classification necessary (ultramafitite diagrams)|
- RW Le Maitre (Ed.): Igneous Rocks - A Classification and Glossary of Terms. 2nd edition. Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks. Cambridge University Press 2002, Cambridge, ISBN 0-521-61948-3 .